Management

Topics: Management, Ethics, Social network Pages: 12 (1180 words) Published: January 24, 2014
Principles of
Management

Mason Carpenter, Talya Bauer, and Berrin Erdogan

Chapter 3 History, Globalization, and Value-Based Leadership Learning Objectives

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 Learn about the history of
principles of management
 Know the context for
contemporary principles of
management
 Understand key global trends
 See how globalization is affecting
management principles and
practices
 Appreciate the importance of
value-based leadership (ethics) in
management

The P-O-L-C Framework must be adapted
to meet global challenges

Early Management Principles

Henri Fayol
Frederick
Taylor

• Fayol’s 14 Principles

• Scientific Management
• Taylorism

Frank and
• Motion Studies
Lillian Gilbreth

Fayol’s
Principles of Management (1-7)
Specialization/Division of
L_________
Authority/Responsibility
D__________
Unity of Command
Unity of __________
Subordination of
Individual Interest
Remuneration

Principles of Management (8-14)
Centralization
Line of Authority
Order
Equity
Stability of Tenure
Initiative
Esprit de Corps

During Taylor’s time, coal was moved by
shovel to rail cars or trucks.
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Limitations of Early Theorists
Manual
Labor Force

Dehumanized
Workers

Shift to
Knowledge
Workers

MANAGEMENT IDEAS OF THE 1990s

Peter Drucker

Tom Peters and Robert Waterman

Warren Bennis

In Search Of Excellence
Managing
Ambiguity and
Paradox

A Bias for Action

Close to the
Customer

Autonomy and
Entrepreneurship

Productivity
through People

Hands-On, ValueDriven

Stick to the
Knitting

Simple Form,
Lean Staff

Simultaneous
Loose-Tight
Properties

Peter’s Management Recommendations

Empower people by involving ________ in decision-making
Eliminate bureaucratic rules and ____________ conditions
Celebrate and recognize employees for their contributions
Develop an inspiring __________

Lead by __________

Views of Leadership through the Ages
What leaders really do: set direction, align people,
motivate people. – John Kotter

A leader is a dealer in hope. – Napoleon

I suppose that leadership at one time meant muscle;
but today it means getting along with people. –
Indira Gandhi

Discussion
• What goals seem to dominate early management
principles?
• Do you see any commonalities between Fayol’s
principles of management from 1911 and those of Tom
Peters in the 1990s?
• Are there any jobs today for which time and motion
studies would make sense to do? Would any other skills
need to be taught as well?
• What do early management principles leave out?
• How would you put some of the ideas of the 1990s into
practice?
• What aspects of POLC would be most likely to change
based on what you have learned in this section?

CORPORATIONS AS SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

We are connected
“virtually”

Dynamic
and
shifting
authority
structures

Fluid
boundaries

Reduction of formal
procedures

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Assists in
identifying
experts

Efficient
sharing of
information

Showcases
skills,
talents, and
knowledge

SOCIAL
NETWORKING

LEARNING ORGANIZATIONS

Systematic problem solving
Experimentation

Learning from past experience
Learning from others
Transferring knowledge

Virtual Organizations
The Value of Wikis

 Wikis pool the talent of experts as well as everyone from across the company and beyond it – in all time zones and
geographic locations.
 Input from unanticipated people brings fresh ideas and
unexpected connections.
 Wikis let people contribute to a project any time, giving them flexibility in managing their time.
 It’s easy to see the evolution of an idea, and new people can get up to speed quickly by seeing the history of the project.  Co-creation of solutions eliminates the need to “sell” those solutions to get buy-in.

 Wikis cut the need for email by 75% and the need...
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