Man Of The Century

Topics: Albert Einstein, General relativity, Physics Pages: 3 (842 words) Published: January 3, 2014
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist on March 14, 1879 in the southern German city of Ulm.Einstein developed the general theory of relativity,Albert Einstein grew up in a middle-class Jewish family in Munich. As a child, Einstein became fascinated by music ,mathematics and science.He was one of the two pillars of modern physics. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory. Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field.This led to the development of his special theory of relativity,which he considered his masterwork. This theory found that gravity, as well as motion, can affect time and space. According to Einstein's equivalence principle--which held that gravity's pull in one direction is equivalent to an acceleration of speed in the opposite direction--if light is bent by acceleration, it must also be bent by gravity. In 1919, two expeditions sent to perform experiments during a solar eclipse found that light rays from distant stars were deflected or bent by the gravity of the sun in just the way Einstein had predicted. , which he considered his masterwork. This theory found that gravity, as well as motion, can affect time and space. According to Einstein's equivalence principle--which held that gravity's pull in one direction is equivalent to an acceleration of speed in the opposite direction--if light is bent by acceleration, it must also be bent by gravity. In 1919, two expeditions sent to perform experiments during a solar eclipse found that light rays from distant stars were deflected or bent by the gravity of the sun in just the way Einstein had predicted. The general theory of relativity was the first major theory of gravity since...
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