In the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972, Malaysia had introduced its first ever environmental policy directives, embarked on by the Third Malaysia Five-Year Plan, enacted the Environmental Quality Act in 1974 and established the Department of Environment in 1975. During the era of the First Outline Perspective Plan, Malaysia had no specific environmental policy, but during the era of the Second Outline Perspective Plan Malaysia introduced an environmental policy known as the National Policy on the Environment. This policy was approved by the Cabinet Ministers on October 2002 and provided guidance for environment and natural resource management under the Seventh Malaysia Plan onwards. While Malaysia is an economic development for the past thirty years has been impressive, it also has had detrimental effects on the environmental and on the depletion of natural resources. Various aspects of the environment have been affected by development activities. The main problems faced by Malaysia are: 1) Inland water and marine pollution from various sources. 2) Air pollution from industry, traffic, and agricultural activities. 3) Deforestation due to logging and land clearance activities. Serious effort to ensure environmental sustainability in Malaysia started with the Enactment of the Environment Quality Act in 1974 which provides the legal basis for the protection and control of environmental pollution and the enhancement of environmental quality. This act is continuously being amended to include new regulations to incorporate the objectives of sustainable development. For this project, we have selected three court cases related to our environment which are: 1) Water pollution involving collision of two marine vessels in Johor, Malaysia. 2) Air pollution involving belching and spewing exhaust fumes by the vehicle in Lahad Datu, Sabah, Malaysia. 3) General permit for discharge form oil and gas...
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