Topics: Malaysia, Borneo, Kuala Lumpur Pages: 3 (1215 words) Published: September 15, 2014
Malaysia is a Southeast Asian nation that exists on two sides of the South China Sea, splits into Peninsular Malaysia which covers the southernmost point of Eurasia, and Malaysian Borneo (East Malaysia), which is on the island of Borneo. Malaysia is bordered by Thailand on the peninsula, and Indonesia and Brunei on the island of Borneo. Malaysia covers an area of 329,847 square kilometers (127,355 square miles). Malaysia is divided into two regions, with a total of thirteen states based on Malay Kingdoms, and three federal territories. East Malaysia, or the part of the country on the island of Borneo, is home to the states of Sabah, Sarawak, and Labuan, a federal territory. Peninsular Malaysia is home to the other eleven states and two federal territories. The country of Malaysia is in the Asia continent and the latitude and longitude for the country are 4.1936° N, 103.7249° E. The neighboring countries of Malaysia are: Maritime Boundaries, Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam. Malaysia is located on the Sunda shelf, and is tectonically inactive. The oldest rocks in the country date from 540 million years ago, and are mostly sedimentary. The most common form of rock is limestone, formed during the Paleozoic Era. Limestone laid down in East Malaysia during the Tertiary period has since eroded, and such erosion forms basins of sedimentary rocks rich in oil and natural gas. The mountain ranges in Malaysia were formed through orogenesis beginning in the Mesozoic era. The total land area of Malaysia is 329,847 square kilometers (127,350 sq mi), the 67th largest country in the world in terms of area. It is the only country to contain land on both mainland Asia and the Malay Archipelago. Peninsular Malaysia makes up 132,090 square kilometers (51,000 sq mi),[1] or 39.7% of the country's land area, while East Malaysia covers 198,847 square kilometers (76,780 sq mi), or 60.3%. From the total land area, 1,200 square kilometers (460 sq mi) or 0.37% is made up of water such...
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