Topics: Osteoarthritis, Orthopedic surgery, Evidence-based medicine Pages: 4 (1568 words) Published: February 26, 2013
A systematic review of osteoarthritis and the procedure arthoplasty.

Objective: To systematically describe the surgical procedure of arthoplasty and the evaluated successes or failed procedures resulting in pain and functioning in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: The MEDLINE Database was used as the primary search tool. Journals that was published after 2003 populated the initial search. Studies that contained knee osteoarthritis and arthroscopy in patients with hip or knee were analyzed. Data was collected with a pre-specified collection tool. Methodologically, the studies were reviewed in full and assessed to summarize results. Results: Eight studies, of which two were of high quality, were included and involved hip and knee patients. There was strong evidence that arthroplasty had an even probability of successful or unsuccessful events. Reported findings of the effectiveness were studied in the review based on the advantages and disadvantages of the sample populate identified. Conflicting evidence was established for the treatment and pain functionality in patients with knee OA. Conclusion: Patients with OA do experience an increase in pain if the procedure is declined. Changes over a longer waiting period are unclear. To strengthen and complement the present evidence, further high-quality studies are needed, in which preferably also performance-based measures are used. Keywords: knee; osteoarthritis; systematic; review; arthroplasty; hip

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder (A.D.A.M. 2011). This review highlights a specific treatment of OA through the traditional surgical procedure of arthoplasty. Eight systematic reviews will be looked into more detail to understand the outcomes of arthoplasty. Each of the eight reviews researched the advantages and disadvantages of the procedures. After reviewing each of the literature, three common similarities were found. The purpose of this review is to...
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