Magnesium to Magnesium Oxide

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Introduction-
Magnesium is a silvery-white alkaline metal found represent by the atomic number of 12. This experiment involves combining Magnesium with Oxygen which is a gas represented by the chemical element 8.
The word equation for the result of this experiment is Magnesium + Oxygen= Magnesium Oxide. The equation is Mg + O =MgO
Definitions
Word
Definitions
Mass Number
The Mass number is the amount of Protons and Neutrons in the Nucleus.
Atomic Number
The amount of protons found in the nucleus.
Element
A pure substance made up of 1 type of atom.
Molecule
Two or more atoms joined (bonded) together, forming a small particle.
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms that have been joined (bonded) together.
Lattice
A lattice is a part of bonding between metals.
Word Equation
A word equation is an equation where only the words of the products and reactants are given. It is used to describe chemical reactions using words.
Formula
A mathematical relationship or rule expressed in symbols.
Reactants
The reactants are the chemical substances with which one begins the reaction with.
Products
The products are the substances formed as a result of the reaction. Which in this case would be MgO.

Aim- The aim of this experiment is to make a compound out of the elements: oxygen and Magnesium, and establish the chemical formula for the product magnesium oxide.

Hypothesis- When the magnesium is heated in the crucible the strip will react with the oxygen. This will cause the strip to turn into a white powder. The correct formula for Magnesium Oxide will be MgO.

Safety-
Lab Coat and Safety Glasses- The heating of magnesium and oxygen causes sparks and small fires which is why safety equipment must be worn to protect the skin and eyes.
The most significant danger in this experiment is hot apparatus. Avoid touching equipment when hot.
When not using Bunsen burner set it to a safety flame so it’s visible.

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