In an era of continental invasion, the problem of ensuring political stability within the context of European realpolitik is addressed in Machiavelli’s The Prince. Niccolo Machiavelli was born on May 3, 1469 and grew up in Florence, which was a humanist city-state right in the center of the Renaissance. Machiavelli’s father, as a Tuscan, who was both an attorney and humanist, focused heavily on his education hired private tutors to teach Machiavelli. According to his father, Machiavelli, like other Tuscans, was a bright individual who was steeped in classical history while growing up, learned Latin at the age of seven, and later wrote his own compositions in Latin1. Moreover, Machiavelli read Cicero’s Philippics and Livy’s history, both of which influenced him greatly. Upon the fall of the Medici family in 14942, France realized how easy it was to take over these city-states because of Florence’s lack of standing army. Due to the support of France, Medici’s rule of Florence fell and Florence, under the rule of Machiavelli, becomes a Republic until 1512. From this point onwards, France continues to act like a shadow that hung over Italian politics until Florence allying with Spain eventually drove them out. A power imbalance and between France and Italy’s decentralized city-states led to the writing of The Prince as a plea of the unification of Italy during Machiavelli’s exile It was hoped that the consolidation of a unified Italy under the consequential rule of a prince may shield the Italian state from foreign invasion.
In The Prince, Machiavelli expresses the qualities of leadership that is needed to create a more durable state. Machiavelli was concerned about the problem of ensuring political stability against the wave of foreign invasive threats.. Cesare Borgia, duke of Romagna was mentioned many times in The Prince due to the admiration Machiavelli gained when he was sent by the Council of Ten to serve as their agents at the courts of various...
Bibliography: Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Edited by Robert M. Adams. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1992.
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