Macbeth Oringinal Performance Conditio

Topics: James I of England, Macbeth, William Shakespeare Pages: 5 (1346 words) Published: January 7, 2015
1. Which year was Macbeth first performed in?
April 1611
2. Which theatre was Macbeth first performed in?
Globe Theatre
3. When was Macbeth written?
Macbeth is believed to have been written between 1603 and 1607

4. When acting style was used in Elizabethan theatre?
Acting style- realistic or melodramatic – stage setting, props and machinery, swordplay, costumes, the speed with which the line were delivered, length of performance, entrance and exists, boys playing the female role. The acting style of the Elizabethan era was overdramatic and over-exaggerated. It was melodramatic and the emotions that were presented were over-acted.

5. What did the theatre that Macbeth was first performed in look like?

The theater in Elizabethan and Jacobean times was basically a courtyard, surrounded on three sides by tall raised balcony areas. Other buildings in London, specifically public houses (taverns) and bear-baiting pits, were similarly designed. In a famous contemporary engraving of London, the Globe theater — where Macbeth was performed in 1611 — is famously confused with the Bear-baiting pit. In this context, it is interesting to note Macbeth's lines (Act V, Scene 7) "They have tied me to a stake . . . but bear-like I must fight the course." At the center and to the back of the courtyard was a raised stage, above which hung a depiction of the heavens — a blue roof, fretted with golden stars. The stage contained a trapdoor through which ghosts could appear and into which the souls of the damned could disappear. At the back of the stage was a curtain leading to the actors' dressing area — the tiring room. The courtyard was open to the sky, so lighting was largely natural, but in some indoor theaters or palaces such as Hampton Court, where Macbeth was first performed in 1606 in front of King James I, candles were probably used to create an artistic tension between natural and "unnatural" (or artificial) light. Lady Macbeth has a candle "by her continually" in Act V, Scene 1, by which time natural light may well have already become gloomy. In fact, the numerous references to natural daylight and night-light in Macbeth make it a fascinating study for any historian of theater. Shakespeare's play underwent several revisions during its lifetime. Specifically, the allusions to the Gunpowder Plot and the nature of kingship (Act IV, Scene 1) could have been added for the first performance in front of the king. What remains certain is that Macbeth has always been a highly visual and physical play: The apparitions, the references to parts of the body (hands, head), the fighting in Act V — all point to a play full of gesture and body language.

6. What are the links between Macbeth and King James 1st?
It was most likely written during the reign of James I, who had been James VI of Scotland before he succeeded to the English throne in 1603. James was a patron of Shakespeare’s acting company, and of all the plays Shakespeare wrote during James’s reign, Macbeth most clearly reflects the playwright’s relationship with the sovereign.

7. Why did William Shakespeare write Macbeth?
Macbeth was the first play Shakespeare wrote for a monarch other than Elizabeth I, the beloved Protestant Queen of England from 1558 until her death in 1603. Following Elizabeth's death, James VI of Scotland took the English throne, becoming James I of England. For Englishmen, there were many concerns with James taking the throne; for example that he would be more tolerant towards Catholics because, although he himself was a Protestant, his mother was the devoutly Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots (who had been executed by Elizabeth), and because his wife, Anne of Denmark, was also rumored to be Catholic.[9][10] This concern over religion caused much turmoil in England during James's reign.[10] Shakespeare subtly incorporates this turmoil into Macbeth, while still praising the new King of England 8. Why is Macbeth called ‘The Scottish Play’?

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