M7D2 UncoveringTheGenderPayGap

Topics: Gender, Gender role, Labor Pages: 7 (1341 words) Published: July 22, 2015


Dartagan Huitt
Excelsior College
ENG101: English Composition
M7D2: Uncovering the Gender Gap

One of the greatest social transformations of our time has been the movement of women into the labor force. As the numbers of females moving into the labor force prevail, the opportunities for women exist substantially more than ever before. As women cloud the workplaces, their presence is becoming prominent and common. However, there is one issue still being debated upon, the gender gap. The problem of gender differences in salary raises a lot of concerns as to its factors, processes and measurement among many individuals and scholars. The one phenomenon that affect still affects a greater part of the world’s cultures, religions, and nations, and income sectors is gender based inequality. As scholars and researchers converse of the gender gap in this day in age, they are alluding to the structured differences in the outcomes that men and women attain in the labor market. One can distinguish such variance in the numbers of men and women in the labor force, their respective incomes and wages, and types of profession they select. As issues are exposed about the gender wage gap, the elimination of the historical, cultural, and economic factors are the most important to discuss. When considering the historical factors of the gender pay gap, we have to disclose the history of women becoming significant in the labor market in the earlier years such as after the prolific area of introducing technology. Factories needed more workers on the assembly lines and who else to look to for more hands were women. Although women entered the labor force, they were still considered lesser important hands. As a further matter, employers were very discriminatory against women working in the labor force. The separation of women in the workplace was highly regarded; however, as history progresses, the advancement of distinct roles of occupations and policies within the labor force creates a comparable balance in the distribution of occupations. The cultural factory are meticulously associated with the historical proceedings. The new millennium has brought on different family values and measures. The ways in which family standards are built upon has changed. You will now see more men at home and more women in the labor force. The gender roles have changed substantially in the past decades. More and more women are being marketed due to educational value and lesser family value. Therefore, these women can market themselves as sufficient workers and gain more capita at an occupation dominated by men. As the historical and cultural factors are discussed, the economic factors cannot be deleted because they are significant to the gender wage gap. Women in their child bearing years are plausible to suspend their careers to raise their children. Therefore, employers are cautious about giving stable well-paying jobs due to women whom are very likely to eminent departure. As developed and underdeveloped countries have adapted to change in the last decades, there is a notable expansion of labor demand of women needed. In 1880, only 17% of all American women at working ages participated in the labor market. By 2000, this number had risen to more than 60% (Falcao & Soares, 2008). Significant change within people and families brought on the alteration of women’s roles. In spite of that, the Global Gender Gap Index 2007 raises five concerns. First, it highlights the great need for progress by showing that no country in the world has yet reached equality between women and men–the highest ranking country (Sweden) has closed a little over 80% of its gender gap while the lowest ranking country has closed only a little over 45% of its gender gap. Second, the index points to possible role models by revealing those countries that, regardless of the overall level of resources available, have divided these resources equitably...

References: Bruno L. S. Falcao, B., & Soares, R. (2008). The Demographic Transition and the Sexual Division of Labor. Journal of Political Economy, 116 (6), 1058-1104.
World Economic Forum. (2006). Global Gender Gap. Retrieved November 23, 2014 from
http://www.weforum.org/issues/global-gender-gap
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