LUT1 - Language and Communication: Presentation Script
March 28, 2012
Bombs, Booms and Bangs! How the U.S. Navy went from bottom of Pearl Harbor to the world’s most powerful naval power.
In the aftermath of the worst year of war in the history of the U.S. Navy turn stunning failure into sustained success.
We all know about the complete defeat the U.S. Navy suffered at the hands of the Imperial Japanese Navy on December 7, 1941.
Whoever not many know that for the rest of 1941, the U. S. Navy suffered losses at almost every other naval battle in that year. This became so bad that survivors of these disasters were sworn to secrecy, to help stop many in the U. S. into believing that the war with Japan, was a lost cause.
However, many of today when looking at the Global U.S. Navy of today, fail to recall that it was the very disastrous losses of 1941 that changes in Strategy, Technology and Leadership.
On December 6th 1941, the U.S. Navy firmly believed that it was the Naval leader in all of the Pacific.
After all, they had the biggest battleship fleet in the world, a huge arsenal of planes and Men in the strategic locations that would easily stop any aggression by Japan if they dared to consider attacking any American interest. They also knew that they had some of the oldest and seasoned Admirals in the world. Ones who did not need to know about new technology as long
as they could command the leviathans, the dreadnaught battleships, which had been the center of U.S. Naval strategy for over 60 years.
However as the last of Admiral Nagumo’s airplane banked triumphantly away from the smoking ruins of the US Pacific Fleet, many in America’s militaries leadership believed that American ” A revolutionary change in strategy was required of the military” (Wukovits, John (2010-08-03). Admiral "Bull" Halsey: The Life and Wars of the Navy's Most Controversial Commander (p. 53).
Since none of the U.S. Navies Aircraft Carriers were in Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941 this left new, not yet battle tested ships as the only viable offensive weapons available in the Pacific. This was proved to be a turn of fortunes after Admiral Halsey took the carriers Enterprise and Hornet all the way to the Japanese home land, just a few months after Pearl Harbor. This resulted in the famous Doolittle Raid where land based bombers who didn’t have the range to bomb Japan were transported by the aircraft carriers. (Hornfischer, J. D.(2011). Neptune’s Inferno). One other bright spot was one of the smallest divisions of the U.S. Navy, the Submarine. The U.S. had the most powerful submarine force of all the Allied countries in the Pacific at the outbreak of war. The U.S. Navy built large submarines which boasted long range, a relatively fast cruising speed and a heavy armament of torpedoes.
The U.S. Pacific Submarine fleet came out of the disaster of Pearl Harbor almost completely intact. In fact, the very first offensive action taken by the U.S. Navy was the dispatching the U.S.S Gudgeon on Dec. 11, 1941 to patrol waters around the Philippines. The U.S. Navy had invested into the untried (by the U.S. Navy) that of the Submarine. The new fleet boats were welded hulls compared to the standard of the day, riveted hull. This
gave the U.S. Submarine a huge advantage over the Japanese. Welded hulls could go deeper than 500 feet deep. The Japanese depth charges could only be set to 250 ft. ! It could also care 10 times the explosives in terms of the new Mark IV torpedo, the Surface Search Radar and the Torpedo Data Computer then submarine standard up to 1942. “We were thrilled, when we discovered that the yard workers had also installed a factoryfresh Mark III torpedo data computer”. Ruiz, USN (Ret.), Captain C. Kenneth. The Luck of the Draw: The Memoir of a World War II Submariner: From Savo Island to the Silent Service (Kindle Locations 2634).
This new technology, allowed the submarine to have the smallest number of ships...
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