By Brayan Almora and Hector Aparicio Pedroza
Ms. Powell, 7th Language Arts
Problem – Solution Paper
May 15, 2014
Lung Cancer Causes and Treatments
Lung cancer is defined as abnormal cell tissue that forms in tissues of the lungs. It is estimated that there are 224,210 new cases every year, while the estimated deaths are numbered at 159,260 per year . There are several options of treatment and are as follows: Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, Immunotherapy and Vaccine Therapy. Research and advertisement has brought about much change to the public awareness. Many tobacco companies in North Carolina and nationwide have had to make changes to their products and sales. There are many causes of lung cancer and this paper will outline the major causes of lung cancer and discuss treatments. Public awareness, education and marketing better health could help prevent lung cancer. Many people are affected by smoking, second hand smoke, radon gas, asbestos and air pollution. The most common cause of lung cancer is long-term exposure to tobacco smoke, which causes 80–90% of lung cancers Nonsmokers account for 10–15% of lung cancer cases, and these cases are often attributed to a combination of genetic factors, and exposure to; radon gas, asbestos, and air pollution including second-hand smoke So the people that are affected need to be educated regarding the health issues around the use of tobacco. There are three main types of lung cancer known as non small cell, small cell, lung carcinoid tumor. Non Small Cell Lung Cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. There are about 85% of lung cancers that are non-small cell lung cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma are all subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer. This one is the most common according to research. Next is small cell lung cancer. Small Cell Lung Cancer is the next type of cancer. Small cell lung cancer is also called throat cell cancer. About 10%-15% of lung cancers are small cell lung cancers. This type of lung cancer tends to spread quickly. The last type of cancer is known as lung Carcinoid Tumor. Fewer than 5% of lung cancers are lung carcinoid tumors. They are also sometimes called lung neuroendocrine tumors. Most of these tumors grow slowly and rarely spread. There are many commercials regarding the use of tobacco and images of patients who have had their voice boxes removed. The commercials help the public to respond to the results of throat cancer. While companies like RJR in North Carolina and others have posted information on their web pages regarding the effects of tobacco, it remains a health concern serious disease like cancer and heart disease. RJR has mentioned that it has its business for the stakeholders. The stakeholders enjoy the tobacco and understand the health risks involved. The perspective or guiding principles and beliefs of the shareholders is that “At R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company we operate our business in a responsible manner that best balances the desires of our many stakeholders. Our Guiding Principles and Beliefs seek to reflect the interests of shareholders, adult tobacco consumers, employees and other stakeholders (RJR, 2013).” RJR markets the product to many of the shareholders who many are adult consumers of the product. RJR is only one of the tobacco companies that believe this philosophy. People have a free choice to smoke but over the past few years, restaurants and other public places have cut back on the use of tobacco products because of the research on the effects of second hand smoke. So many changes have taken place to have awareness of the risks of smoking, second hand smoke and asbestos, radon gas, and air pollution, as well as genetics. While much research has been conducted on the causes and treatments of lung cancer, there is much to be done to help promote good health choices. The risks of smoking increase the chance...
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