Low Income Housing Community
Low Income Housing Community
Low income housing is a unique geopolitical and phenomenological community that is within identified boundaries and a governing system that share common goals and interests. Within this type of community people may have barriers and challenges that they are facing every day to live comfortably in their habitat. The community nurse will assess the people of the community by using Gordon’s 11 functional health patterns and utilizing the nursing process. This method will provide an understanding of this particular type of community to impart interventions and resources in order to accommodate the community’s needs. Public housing serves approximately 2.2 million people across the U.S. but the need is much greater because more than half a million are on a 1-10 year waiting list. The low-income community comprises 31% of all white and Asian families, 63% of Hispanic and American Indian families, 64% of black families and 43% of other races (Addy, 2012). The rent is calculated by using 30% of the net income of a family’s earnings. The mean income is $11,292.00 dollars which is below the poverty line (“Rethink Housing, 2013). The majority of people living in these communities are unmarried and are mothers with children (Mathews, 2012). If more income is added to a household then they may lose their housing eligibility (Mathews, 2012). Low-income communities are found in a variety of areas across the nation. Federal and state governments provide subsidized assistance for public housing. Primarily, public housing consists of one or more concentrated city blocks of low-or high-rise apartment buildings in the periphery of major cities known as ‘the projects” (Atlas, 1994). The projects are often found near high traffic and industrial areas which affects public health (physical and mental), school attendance and prevalence of violence and crime (Atlas, 1994). Communities are unstable because of residents frequently moving in and out of their neighborhoods which create a significant decline in social interaction (“Community Interventions”, 2002). In spite of a lack of social interaction, a common goal the community shares is having a place to live -- a basic need. Video interviews found on the website www.rethinkhousing.org are of those who have lived in poverty expressing shared goals and benefits regarding public housing. The most common goals are independence and stability. Independence is gained through education and learned skills. Stability is gained through building strong families and stable communities. However, inside many of the projects are barriers and challenges that create environmental health concerns which can cause morbidity. Low-income populations are more likely to die early from heart disease, stroke, diabetes, asthma and cancer (Redline & Williams, 2012). Other barriers and challenges this community faces can be losing their homes because the landlords allow the buildings to go into foreclosure, leaving renters homeless (“Affordable Housing”, 2013). An interview from a woman living in a Maryland project stated “it not yours, they come in and do random check on your house. If you have mans clothing in your closet, they can kick you out, because he’s not supposed to be there so you have to be careful” (A. Reese, personal communication, August 16, 2013). Families also fear “death from drugs, drug wars or random shots that hit innocent victims” (Atlas, 1994). Community functional health patterns assist the community nurse in identifying the needs of the community. The functional health pattern is a systemic and deliberate approach to community assessment, evaluating patterns that occur sequentially across time. Gordon’s 11 functional health patterns pertaining to the community assessment are as follows: 1. Value and belief patterns: Low-income families often believe they are not a part of the school system and feel it is the school's...
References: Addy, S. W. (2012). Basic Facts About Low-income Children, 2010 . Retrieved from National Center for Children in Poverty: http://www.nccp.org
Affordable housing challenges
Atlas, J. D. (1994). Public Housing: What Went Wrong? Retrieved from http://www.nhi.org/online/issues
Community interventions to promote healthy social environments: early childhood development and family housing
Fleary, S. A., Ettienne-Gittens, R., and Heffer, R. W. (2013). Preventive health care and healthy lifestyle choices for low income families: a qualitative study. Retrieved from http://www.hindawi.com/isrn/pm/2013/189180/
Hood, E. (May, 2005). Environmental Health Perspective, 113(5): A310–17. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1257572/
Krieger, J., Higgins, D. L. (May, 2002). Housing and health: time again for public health action. American Journal of Public Health, 92(5): p.758–68.
Mathews, R. (2012). 27.3% of Single Parent Households Live in Poverty . Retrieved from http://www.policymic.com
Redline, S., Williams, M.A
Rethink housing: why housing matters. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.rethinkhousing.org/#sthash.RR23TZuJ.dpbs
Women, infants, and children (WIC)
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