PEARL ACADEMY OF DESING
Lost In Heaven
Responding to Gendered Violence in Kashmir
About this Report
This report is the result of discussions with ‘half widows,’ widows, and married and unmarried women in Kashmir. It also draws upon conversations with Kashmiri men and women, including academics, students, homemakers, tailors, farmers, doctors, lawyers, and teachers. No consultations were made with any politicians in or outside Kashmir. It is authored by the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP), a member organization of the Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS). Srinagar-based APDP advocates for justice for victims of enforced disappearances and is an active member of JKCCS, which works to strengthen an independent civil society movement in Kashmir.
Table of Contents
Executive Summary 4 1. Insecurity in Jammu and Kashmir 6 2. Women and Violence in Kashmir 7 i. Gendered Violence 7 ii. Civic Action 8 iii. Peace-building. 10 3. ‘Half Widows’: State of Perpetual Limbo 11 i. Numbers 11 ii. Overview 11 iii. Economic Hardship 13 iv. Social Challenges 13 v. Children 14 vi. (Un)Available Remedies 16 4. Local Action by & for Half Widows 17 5. An Opportunity 18 6. Required Law and Policy Changes 18 i. Recommendations to the Government 19 ii. Recommendations to Civil Society 23 7. Conclusion 25 8. Appendix 26 Executive Summary: This report examines the situation of women labeled ‘half widows’ in Indian-administered Kashmir: women whose husbands have ‘disappeared’ but not yet been declared deceased. The Kashmir conflict as a whole and the recent waves in the summers of 2008, 2009, and 2010, have significant ramifications across the sub-continent and create fear of...
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