Every year a new species gets placed on the endangered species list, extinction is a natural process but due to human activity there has been a rapid decline in the wild species population. Loss of habitat or alteration, hunting, introduction of foreign species, and disease are major culprits in the extinction rate. The protection of species is an important element to the survival of biodiversity as well as human sustainability. The loss of a species means humans will lose out on the benefits that nature provides: medical breakthroughs, recreations, agriculture, and ecological values, commercial and economical sustainability. Even though extinction is a natural process, the current rate of extinction is well beyond the normal historical rate; every species in the environment plays a role that provides beneficial resources for another species, when a species is depleted or eliminated it can offset the delicate balance of the ecosystem. Every species on this planet as an individual serves its own purpose, together they make up an ecosystem that is vital to the earths and humans sustainability These ecosystems provide a diverse food bank, pollination, clean water, flood control, pest control, waste decomposition, and climate stability; these resources are highly valuable to the sustainability of humans and the planet.
Biodiversity is the variety of species that inhabit the earth, each species has a specific role that provides a healthy ecosystem; the rapid loss of biodiversity from the earths biomes is proving to be a threat to the sustainability of life on earth. Through a variety of human related issues the world’s biomes are becoming depleted. Over fishing, hunting urban and coastal development, logging, climate change, tourism, illegal harvesting and trade, and introduction of disease and foreign species are among the major reasons the world today is experiencing a loss of species. The rainforests, oceans, grasslands, and fresh water biomes
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