Ralph represents leadership, the properly socialized and civilized young man. He is attractive, charismatic, and decently intelligent. He demonstrates obvious common sense. Ralph is the one who decides to create rules, the meeting place, the fire, and the huts. He applies Piggy's intellectualism, and he recognizes the fears and superstitions as barriers to their survival. He is a diplomat and a natural leader. Ralph is the primary representative of order, civilization, and productive leadership in the novel, while most of the other boys initially are concerned with playing, having fun, and avoiding work.
Jack represents evil and violence, the dark side of human nature. A former choirmaster and "head boy" at his school, he arrived on the island having experienced some success in exerting control over others by dominating the choir with his military attitude. He is eager to make rules and punish those who break them, although he consistently breaks them himself for his own interests. His main interest is hunting, which begins with the desire for meat and builds to the overwhelming urge to master and kill other living creatures. Hunting develops the savagery that already ran close to his surface, making him "ape-like" as he prowls through the jungle.
Piggy is the intellectual with poor eyesight, a weight problem, and asthma. He is the most physically vulnerable of all the boys, despite his greater intelligence. Piggy's intellect benefits the group only through Ralph; he acts as Ralph's advisor. He cannot be the leader himself because he lacks leadership qualities and has no rapport with the other boys. Piggy represents the rational world. By frequently quoting his aunt, he also provides the only female voice.
Simon's role is an artistic, and religious visionary. It is established not only by his hidden place of meditation but also by the description of his eyes: "so bright they had deceived Ralph into thinking him delightfully gay and