Lord of the flies

Topics: Seven Years' War, Frederick II of Prussia, French and Indian War Pages: 8 (1094 words) Published: March 1, 2014
WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE

The Enlightenment
18th century
Science and reason

Philosophers believed in:
1. Reason
2. Nature
3. Happiness
4. Progress
5. Liberty

Salon
A meeting, held by an important hostess, made up of distinguished writers, poets, artists. Hostess: Marie Therese de Geoffrin

Seven Years War: Also known as the French and Indian War

Issues:
1) Duel of Britain and France for colonies trade and sea power 2) Duel of Prussia and Austria for territory and military power

King of Prussia: Frederick II “the great” invades silesia and doesn’t concern about pragmatic sanction War Of Austrian Succession

France and Prussia have the early advantage with their armies America Changed things
England has the #1navy

PEACE AT AIX LA CHAPELLE (tie)
Britain and France return to status quo
Frederick’s annexation of silesia recognized

DIPLOMATIC REVOLUTION OF 1756
Austria wants to stop the growth of Prussia
Proposed Austria/France Alliance
French hoped for Belgium for French support of destruction of Prussia future Louis XVI marries Maria Theresa’s daughter, Marie Antoinette

7 YEARS WAR!! (French and Indian)
War begins in America
French didn’t have enthusiasm for fighting Britain (new world)

Peace of Hubertusburg
Frederick lost nothing, maintained its possession of Silesia

AMERICA
French had more territory
Britain more people
French had support of Indians
BRITAIN LED BY WILLIAM PITT
Used superior sea power, captured Quebec
Strangled France’s sugar trade w/Caribbean Islands (smashed French forts in India)

PEACE OF PARIS
France lost all possessions on mainland of North America to Britain France ceded Louisiana to Spain as compensation for Spain’s loss of Florida to Britain (Spain joined France before the end) British gains were imperial and strategic

AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Lexington- 1st shot “shot heard around the world”
THOMAS JEFFERSON: Wrote the Declaration of Independence
list of grievances (quejas) against King Jeorge III
ADVANTAGES:
BRITISH COLONIAL . Strong central government . Home field
. Strong navy . No strategic center . Trained professional army . Guerrilla warfare . Rugged terrain

Writs of Assistance
General authorization for the lifetime of the king (King George II - III) Stampact
Tax on paper products
Sons of Liberty
Leaders for liberty
protest taxes
Declaratory Act
King and Parliament were making rules for the colonies
Townshend Acts
Tax on paper, glass, paint and tea
Boston Massacre
5 Colonists killed
Boston Tea Party
Colonists dump tea
Intolerable acts
Boston harbor closed
No more town meetings
Soldiers bed & fed

SARATOGA
France signed alliance with colonies and declared war on England; Louis XVI (spain will also) THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
“league of friendship” among 13 states
1st government for USA
Weak national government, no executive or judicial branch
Only single chamber (unicameral) congress
Each state had 1 vote

Congress could...
Make war and peace
send and receive ambassadors
enter into treaties
maintain an army by requesting troops form the states
Fix standards for weights and measures
establish post officers

WEAKNESSES OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
-Congress could not collect taxes
-Congress could not regulate trade
-Congress could not enforce laws

ACHIEVEMENTS
Northwest ordinance: Territories will be developed fir statehood on an equal basis w older states. Treaty of Paris: BRITAIN RECOGNIZED AMERICA AS INDEPENDENT

PROBLEMS
The government owed 40 million to foreign governments and unpaid revolutionary soldiers

SHAY’S REBELLION
Daniel shays captain in Revolution
leads farmers rebellion in mass
They marched on an arsenal, for weapons, then to courthouse
government was...
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