Sir William Golding, author of ‘Lord of the Flies’, was a British novelist, poet and playwright, born 19 September 1911 at Cornwall. He grew up with his father Alec Golding, a socialist science teacher, his mother Mildred and brother Joseph.
When he went to Oxford University he first studied Natural Sciences but transferred to English Literature and Philosophy which was much more interesting for Mr Golding.
After his studies he was active as an actor, a writer and he also became a schoolmaster.
During World War II and 1 year after he married Ann Brookfield, whom he had two children with, he joined the Royal Navy. Novels like ‘Darkness Visible’ (1979) and ‘Rites of Passage’ (1980) are based on this life during war.
At the war’s end, he returned to teaching and writing. He wrote poems, plays, essays and many novels and in 1983 he received the Nobel prize for Literature and 5 years later he was knighted by Queen Elisabeth II. He passed away at the age of 82.
His novels, often allegorical-fiction, were often set in close communities such as islands, villages and monasteries, and based on allegorical fiction.
Lord of the Flies 1954
Lord of the Flies, Golding’s first novel, was published in 1954 after being rejected by 21 different publishing houses. After all it became a great success and now people always connect William Golding with Lord of the Flies.
The story is about a group of British schoolboys, stranded on an island in the Pacific after their plane crashed. None of the adults are alive so they have to take care of their own, by choosing a Chief, a group of hunters, calling out assemblies and setting up rules.
Eventually, after the knowing of the existence of a ‘Beast’, the group falls apart into Jack with his hunters and Ralph with Piggy, Sam and Eric who just want to be rescued by making a smoke signal.
The boys become more and more some sort of savages with war-paint and dance-rituals and this evolves in