Long Term and Short Term Causes of the Arab/ Israeli Conflict

Topics: Israel, Jordan, Second Intifada Pages: 4 (1323 words) Published: March 16, 2008
The Arab Israeli conflict.

The Arab/Israeli conflict is a conflict between the Arabs and the Jews over a small piece of land known as the holy land which is an area in the Middle East of the Arab world. The Arabs call the land Palestine, the Jews call it Israel but both religions have strong religious links with the land. There is conflict between the two religions because they both believe that the land belongs to them. it all started back in 135 AD when the Jews were expelled from they're homeland in Palestine causing them too spread out across Europe creating the Diaspora. Although the jews had been forced to leave the homeland they never lost their identity as jews and still longed too return to their homeland in palestine. when jews dispersed to live in other countries due to their way of life ant their natural successfulness people began to envy the jews and go the that jews thought they were superior to them which later lent to anti-semitism (hatred of jews). While the Jews were rejected and persecuted every were they went, the Arabs eventually in 638 AD overthrew the roman rule and captured Jerusalem. Jerusalem became the 3rd holiest city of Islam as Palestine benefited from Muslim rule during the golden age. Then in 1517 the ottoman turks defeated the Mamelukes and took rule of Palestine. But the in 1897 the first Zionist congress calling for "a home for the jewish people in Palestine secured by public law". then with the out break of the first world war in 1914 the british promised the independence of arab states under ottoman rule, including palestine, in return for arab support against turkey who had entered the war on the side of germany. However in 1917 the British foreign minister issued a letter called the Balfour declaration supporting the Jewish race creating a national home in Palestine. but before this in 1916 Britain and France had signed the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which divided the Arab region into zones of...
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