London Olympics 2012 Legacy - Controlled Assessment - How will people in the UK benefit in the long term from the facilities developed for the 2012 Olympic?
The London Olympics commenced on 27th July 2012, after beating four rival cities in summer 2005 to win the right to stage the Olympic Games in 2012. After an exhaustive two year search to find the hosts, London came out on top: out of itself, Madrid, Paris, Moscow and New York. Plans for the new Olympic park based around the deprived area of Stratford; Newham in London's East End (see Figure II), presenting an influential reason to developing the sporting and social scene of the capital.
Figure I - London 2012 Olympic Venues as well as Venues across England
The Olympic and Paralympic Games have been the catalyst of physical transformation to a huge area of East London, mostly being used by industry and landfill for centuries, suffering years of contamination and neglect. The location had potential and played a key role in winning the bid to host the 2012 Olympics (Figure I). Alongside the old network of rivers and canals, there was plenty of room for new developments. Even so, London’s bid was one of the most compact Olympic Parks - about 2.5 km². Deprivation Indicator
% Looking after Home/Family
% Permanently Sick/Disabled
% Employed Full-Time
% Employed Part-Time
% in Semi-Skilled or Unskilled Employment
% in Managerial or Professional Employment
% of Population with no Educational Qualifications
Figure II - Deprivation Indicators from 2001 of Newham, London and England
The London bid team persuaded the IOC (International Olympic Committee) that this part of East London was in need of regeneration. In recent years building up to the Olympics, Stratford, around Theatre Royal had been regenerated (Figure III). Stratford has also developed as a new transport hub, with the Dockland Light Railway, Overground, Underground and International Train Station (see Figure IV).
Figure III - Map of Newham and Key Location within it
Figure IV - Transport Connections from Stratford
Some housing estates in the vicinity of where the Olympic Park was built had been entirely removed. In total the relocating and dislocation of homes and businesses affected about five hundred tenants (along with two Gypsy and Traveller sites) and around two hundred businesses in the Lower Lea Valley area (about five thousand jobs displaced from the area). Some tenants were removed due to the renting space acquired by news teams (BBC, Al Jazeera Sports etc.). The construction of the Olympic Park and its use; had ironically stopped sporting activities on the Hackney Marshes, including the use of canal and river towpaths and the Eastway Cycle Circuit (which has now been relocated seven miles away from its previous location).
Reports suggest that around twelve thousand police officers, twenty one thousand security guards, one thousand US agents and in addition to them five hundred FBI officers (to protect contestants and diplomats) have had been involved in the security of the London games. The MOD (Ministry of Defence) deployed somewhat thirteen and a half thousand troops (with capabilities ranging from air defence to bomb disposal). Ground-to-air missiles were placed strategically on the tops of certain tower blocks and in such places as Oxleas Wood and Blackheath (see Figure V). Police were also partially militarized, with armed police on the Underground and Overground networks as well as at training venues around the country. With so many security personnel in East London and Newham, there have been increases in the accusation of ‘racist policing’, especially stop and searches and unnecessary questioning of civilians
House prices across the Olympic area increased since the...
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