Deductive V. Inductive
This paper is intended to discuss the difference between inductive and deductive arguments by giving description as to the different presentations of each, as well as what situations each would be used in. I will also discuss the differences between premises and conclusions, how they are used in both inductive and deductive arguments. And then I will show the difference between the relevancy of arguments by discussing strength, soundness, validity, and cogency. First let’s discuss the composition of the arguments. Premises are the “statements that set forth the reason or evidence”-HURLEY 2012, also called “claimed evidence”-HURLEY 2012. Premise indicators are those such as; “since, as, owing to, may be inferred from, in that, for, because, given that”-HURLEY 2012, and so on. A premise is the evidence or explanation to the conclusion statement. The purpose of the premise is to convince or prove that the conclusion is the only right answer, the so called meat and potatoes of the argument. A conclusion is the “statement that evidence is claimed to support or imply”-HURLEY 2012, a conclusion is what is claimed to follow from the evidence or explanation from the premises. Conclusion indicators are those such as; “therefore, wherefore, it must be that, we may conclude, accordingly, it follows that, it implies that, as a result, for this reason”- HURLEY 2012, and so on. The conclusion, as one would assume, is the main point of the argument that a person is trying to relay to their target audience. It is important to think of the many times in life that we have heard and have stated arguments that flow using premises that lead to conclusions. Everyone has had a time that they felt they were right about something and used as much proof or evidence to support what they are saying. And most people can admit when they lie they use false premises to convince others of a false conclusion. This leads to our two main types of arguments, inductive...
Bibliography: A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC, ELEVENTH EDITION
Patrick J. Hurley: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2012
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