Locus Of Control And Task Difficulty On Procrastination

Good Essays
The Effects of Locus of Control and Task Difficulty on Procrastination

Introduction
The main topic that the authors were interested in learning more about was the way individuals can control events that affect them and the task difficulty on procrastination. Procrastination is putting off something or delaying something. In a previous study an estimate of forty six percent to ninety five percent of college students procrastinated on academic assignments. The longer the students were in college the more they would tend to procrastinate. in the end researchers realized that procrastination was associated with difficulties in test anxiety, missed deadlines for assignments, poor semester grades, depressed affect, low self-esteem, and social anxiety. There were three hypotheses in this journal article. The first hypothesis is students with internal control expectancies will procrastinate less than those with external control expectancies. The second hypothesis is students who receive the difficult assignment will procrastinate more than those who receive the easy assignment. The third hypothesis
…show more content…
Ten of them were men and thirty two of them were woman. The researchers measured procrastination by the time that passed between the date the assignment was given and the dates when the students began, completed, and returned the assignment. The researchers measured locus of control by a twenty eight true or false questionnaire that was designed to assess the locus of control with relation to academic outcomes. The higher the scores indicated that the student had external control expectancies. The students were enrolled in two psychology students in a small college. Randomly selected students were assigned either an easy article of a difficult article. The students were assigned work sheets and were instructed to return them as soon as they were finished, with no actual

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    SES, retention, LOC, & self-concept were found to significantly impact the post-secondary participation of students with learning disabilities, while ability, race, aspirations, and services for learning disabilities did not (King, 2004). SES and LOC were statistically significant in differentiating students who did not participate in any post secondary education, those…

    • 432 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Procrastination can be controlled by a combination of both attitude and technique. It is about not putting off…

    • 3308 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Van Eerde, Wendelien (2003) Procrastination at Work and Time Management Training. The Journal of Psychology, 137(5), 421-434.…

    • 1401 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Central idea: Procrastination is a psychological behavior that allows a person to postpone or delay a certain activity or task. Survey shows 95 percent of us suffer from great stress and anxiety caused by procrastination. There are two commonly known reasons: Lack of desire and fear. At last introduce three techniques that will help overcoming procrastination.…

    • 368 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    behaviour modification

    • 971 Words
    • 4 Pages

    A study was conducted to determine the effects of behaviour self-modification on the number of hours spent studying and procrastinating. The 141 participants were second year University students studying Psychology. Baseline behaviour was recorded for both studying and procrastination followed by a treatment week where each student selected to modify either studying or procrastination and planned and carried out their behaviour modification. Results were significant, revealing that those trying to decrease procrastination were successful in decreasing this behaviour, as well as increasing the alternative behaviour, studying. Similarly, students trying to increase studying were successful, as well as decreasing their procrastination. Overall, it was found that behaviour modification has significant effects on the amount of time spend studying and procrastinating.…

    • 971 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Approaching Test Anxiety

    • 726 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Out of the eight different modern approaches towards behavior, I’d have to say my approach would be a mix between the psychoanalytic approach and the cognitive approach. Test anxiety has always been a problem for me beginning in elementary school. It started in the 5th grade when we were supposed to take the exit level TAKS test. I wasn’t much of a procrastinator back then, but I would outright refuse to study or even look over the material that was being covered. Going into middle school was when I became a chronic procrastinator. I would always wait till the last day to start working on homework, essays, and projects. I had to attend summer school for 6th grade and again for 7th due to failing because of procrastination. In connection with the cognitive approach, during tests and exams in high school, I would worry so much that I would usually end up getting the most obvious questions wrong. I’d be so nervous that I would read the question wrong or get the numbers mixed up. However, I learned to control it breathing exercises and reading questions and answers over multiple times. Dealing with the psychoanalytic approach towards test anxiety, A few things led to me being able to get rid of my procrastination habits. The main thing was losing weight which gave me a huge boost in self-esteem. As stated in the book, “Based on personality tests, researchers concluded that students who are regular procrastinators may have low self-esteem”. During my early years of high school, I didn’t really have anyone to push me to do better in school, so I feel that had an effect on my test anxiety as well. In the later years of high school, I started to get more support from family which overall helped me deal with test anxiety. To conclude this, I no longer get test anxiety; it’s something of the past.…

    • 726 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The article “Coping with Procrastination” wrote by Rebecca Moore, Barbara Baker, and Arnold Packer. The article is talking about what is procrastination, and why many people have this problem, and also talking about how to solve this problem. People always find lots of reasons for themselves not do things that are necessary. In the article writers also write down about the solution to overcome procrastination. First, you cannot image fear to make yourself so worry about this thing, and you do not need compare your work with other people just do your best and prepare it well. Secondly, you should remember your situation when you feel procrastination, the writers also said “find a way to get motivate” (39). Thirdly, for solve procrastination the other way is you can plan your work and rest time. Do not make yourself feel so tired. The last way is starting with easy work. When you start with a difficult work, you will think you need help from other people. Using these ways, you can defeat procrastination to become a better person.…

    • 575 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    On March 1st, 2016 I was privileged to witness Laurie Hazard speak on Procrastination. She centered her speech on the goal of organizing your behavior over an extended period of time. She than proceed with giving us the advice of organizing your goals into two categories called objective and subjective goals. Objective goals focus on attaining a specific standard of proficiency on a task, usually within a specified time. On the other hand, a subjective goal tends to be more of a general statement like “I want to go to college.”…

    • 275 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate behavioral sensitivity to differences in the amount and delay of tasks. The study also included an analysis of factors that might influence self-control after the subjects failed to demonstrate self-control. P 228.…

    • 562 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    What did you learn about your procrastination habits and your reasons for procrastinating? Provide examples.…

    • 447 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Choosing Behavior Analysis

    • 1242 Words
    • 5 Pages

    When given the assignment of choosing a behavior of mine that I thought I needed to change, I had to really think hard about it. At first, I thought about doing the obvious of changing my eating and exercise habits. However, that week I had just gotten the results of my anatomy exam, and after seeing the grade I got I knew something had to change. This is when I decided to choose to change the way I look at my school work. For that reason, I chose to focus on my study habits by choosing the behavior of procrastination. I choose this behavior of procrastination because since starting my freshman year of college, I had struggled with getting into the routine of spending time on each subject daily. I had found that my old habits of waiting…

    • 1242 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    College is difficult, it demands a lot of your time, and attention. Have you ever said the words,” I will do it later”? We are all procrastinators in some way or another; the difference is some people stick to their deadlines (with the proneness to misjudge the amount of time it takes to finish). According to Center for Student Excellence (CSE) advisors many college students find themselves waiting until the last minute to study or complete assignments, and students often find themselves procrastinating due to their newfound independence, a multitude of distractions and a lack of motivation (Patrick, 2014). One explanation for procrastination is that it is a choice. We have a choice to complete a task now instead of later. Another explanation is that it is a way to deal with anxiety, boredom, guilt, frustration and anger. When we procrastinate it can adversely affect our health. In a study done in 2007, researchers found that while at the beginning of the semester students who procrastinated showed less signs of illness and lower levels of stress than non-procrastinators, by the end of the semester, the procrastinators were found to have higher levels of stress and illness…

    • 986 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Sitting in a twenty-four-hour coffee and doughnut shop at 2:41am, hunched over a computer, a college student listens through her noise-cancelling headphones to a playlist of classical music advertised to assist any listener with focusing. Sheets of paper, covered with hastily scribbled notes and ideas, litter the table around her. After taking a brief moment to accept that she brought this upon herself and to mentally prepare herself for the upcoming all-nighter, she began the project that was due the next morning. This college student preformed an enterprise referred to as procrastinating. Procrastination is effectively defined as the habitual practice of postponing…

    • 665 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The article “Coping with Procrastination” wrote by Rebecca Moore, Barbara Baker, and Arnold Packer. The article is talking about what is procrastination, and why many people have this problem, and also talking about how to solve this problem. People always find lots of reasons for themselves not do things that are necessary. In the article writers also write down about the solution to overcome procrastination. First, you cannot image fear to make yourself so worry about this thing, and you do not need compare your work with other people just do your best and prepare it well. Secondly, you should remember your situation when you feel procrastination, the writers also said “find a way to get motivate” (39). Thirdly, for solve procrastination the other way is you can plan your work and rest time. Do not make yourself feel so tired. The last way is starting with easy work. When you start with a difficult work, you will think you need help from other people. Using these ways, you can…

    • 575 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Procrastination

    • 320 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Procrastination is the practice of carrying out less urgent tasks in preference to more urgent ones, or doing more pleasurable things in place of less pleasurable ones, and thus putting off impending tasks to a later time. According to Freud, the pleasure principle may be responsible for procrastination; humans prefer to avoid negative emotions, and to delay stressful tasks. The belief that humans work best under pressure provides an additional incentive to postponement of tasks.[1] Some psychologists cite such behavior as a mechanism for coping with the anxiety associated with starting or completing any task or decision.[2] Other psychologists indicate that anxiety is just as likely to get people to start working early as late and the focus should be impulsiveness. That is, anxiety will cause people to delay only if they are impulsive.[3]…

    • 320 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays