Local Government has no Role to Play in Tourist Development
The local Government is one of the keys to tourism development, a complete contradiction to that of the essay statement, which I believe really has no ground to stand on. In this essay I will illustrate this point by showing the roles with which local government plays within the community, and the importance it has to creating a successfully developed tourism product that maximises the benefits for not only the residences of the community but the tourist himself. Over the past forty years, trends in the tourism industry illustrate there has been evident growth on both a regional and global perspective. Because of this increase and growth of the industry it has ultimately brought large benefits to communities, providing great opportunity, economic development, employment and social benefits. Due to this benefit it is imperative that communities capitalise on these opportunities. One of the major authorities which provides the key roles to this success is that of local governments, who provide the ideal, authority, infrastructure and planning procedures to maximise the benefit for its communities, in a sustainable manner.
The reasons for Local government playing such an important role is due to its channels of communications with its nations powers, who control the actions and decisions of the country. The government creates local governments and provides the framework and influence of decisions that local government makes for its community. This is initially created by government that sets the framework of legislation for local government to abide by. The government then creates local government to enforce the legislature and provide a nurturing role for the community. Government can not address the problems of the entire country, so it uses local government, to distribute its ideas, and hold influence over its regions and communities. This also illustrates that local government plays a major role in a communities development providing the links between the people and government and implements and addresses its community's problems, frameworks and ideals, and receives the correct guidance for developing its regions product. Local government is ultimately created to nurture, channel and control ideas of the country into its community so as to create benefits and realisation of its full potential. Basically the local government is an intermediary channelling the framework of government into each individual community in order to create a beneficial outcome. Table one illustrate this communication channel. Table One : Communication channels between government and community
Initial information sent through the communication channels
Relayed information sent from local government to community In today's current society the major role government is to implement the countries ideals. Within tourism development its role is 1. To protect the communities environment by ultimately decreasing the externalities of tourist influx. 2. Allocate resources in a manner where tourism development is sustainable in the present and into the future. 3. Uphold the well being of the community (Young, Ernst how and why should local government promote tourism 1995 pg 8). Without the role of local government, communities are extremely vulnerable to failure as no authority is available to provide guidance for the correct distribution of resources in development. This can lead to long term market failure. In tourism development short term benefits of the product will be maximised, with increases in employment and economic advantages. But without an authoritative figure to provide guidance in distribution of resources, a sustainable approach will not be taken and therefore the communities long term benefits of their tourism product will fail, and ultimately create market failure and major loses for the entire community. Due to this problem the government...
Bibliography: Collier, Alan Principles of Tourism Fourth Edition Longman 1997
New Zealand Tourism Board Tourism in New Zealand Strategy and Progress New Zealand Tourism Board
New Zealand Tourism Board Current Issues in New Zealand Tourism 1997 New Zealand Tourism Board
Plimmer, Neil Tourism and Local government 1993
Young, Ernst How and why should local government promote tourism 1995
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