Preview

LIVING JUSTICE AND PEACE CHAPTER 2

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
434 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
LIVING JUSTICE AND PEACE CHAPTER 2
Religion II the 2nd test
Matching

Enlightenment:the up-and-coming social, political, and philosophical movement, asserted that reason and science are the basis for knowing truth.

Industrial Revolution: the shift from a farming and craft trade economy to an economy based on factory production-was well under way.

Capitalism : production for their own profit, and workers sold their labor to the owners for whatever wage they could get.

Socialism: advocated distributing wealth according to need, not ownership of capital and profits.

Communism: an ideal, equitable society in which government and laws would be unnecessary.

Natural Law: the God-given need for creation, including human beings, to follow what God intended it to be.

Marginalized: forced outside the main group.

Subsidiarity: Governments and large organizations exist only to serve the good of human beings, families, and communities, which are the center and purpose of social life.

Solidarity: a constant commitment to the common good, based on the belief that "we are all really responsible for all." (a spirit of friendship- between individuals, group, and nations- is the basis for a just world.)

Dorothy Day: criticize capitalism.

Pope Leo XIII: support the labor union, call the knights of labor.

Karl Marx: the German philosopher with his works the communist manifesto and capital, provide a bitter critique of capitalism.

Frederic Ozanam: started the Saint Vincent de Paul Society, a world- wide charitable organization for the poor.
Cardinal James Gibbons: Working Catholics organized into a controversial organization known as the the Knights of Labor, a union supported by some of the U.S hierarch.
True/False or Multiple Choice form:
1. What is an encyclical? a letter written by 2 Pope given to an audience of Bishops

2.Know Rerum Novarum
Considered the beginning of Catholic social teaching

3.How does Catholic social teaching determine the value of work?
The value

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Chpt 24

    • 1216 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes that occurred in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. It was causing carelessness in the city and lead to more and dusty pollution from all the work which was required to be put in. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes which had led to this happening.…

    • 1216 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Industrial Revolution was a gargantuan change in the history of the world which affected our agriculture, industry and transport and communications. According to history.com, “The Industrial Revolution was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban.” This monumental change evoked in England during the 18th and 19th centuries.…

    • 849 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Industrial Revolution was a period of extensive social, economic, technological, and cultural change which occurred during the 18th and 19th century. The revolution resulted in rural…

    • 261 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    2000 Apush Dbq

    • 930 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The very first labor union, The National Labor Union was started in 1866. This union lasted for six years and had 600,000 members. Its main principle was social reform. Its greatest victory was the eight-hour day for government workers. In 1869 the knights of Labor were formed, first as a secret society than it expanded to include all workers. They campaigned for economic and social reforms among these were codes for safety and health, and producers' cooperatives. Terence V. Powderly, the leader of the Knights, helped them win the eight hour day for other industries. He was known for saying "we (the Knights of Labor) work not selfishly for ourselves alone, but extend the hand of fellowship to all mankind." (Doc. K) This quote was twisted around by many people to misrepresent the Knights. The downfall of the Knights was a violent one. In 1886 they were involved in some May Day strikes, at about half of which they were failing. Tension was building in Chicago where 80,000 Knights lived along with a few hundred Anarchists. Then on May 4 labor disorders had broken out in Haymarket Square and the police were called. Suddenly a dynamite bomb was thrown that killed or injured several dozen people. The people wrongfully connected the Knights with the Anarchists, and the power of the Knights of Labor came to a dismal end.…

    • 930 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Cold War Draft

    • 1018 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Industrial Revolution, took place from in the 18th to 19th centuries. It was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the late 1700s, manufacturing was often done in people’s homes, using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production. The iron and textile industries, along with the development of the steam engine, played central roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of transportation, communication and banking. While industrialization brought about an increased level and range of manufactured goods and an improved standard of living for some, it also resulted in harsh employment and living conditions for the poor and working classes.…

    • 1018 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Any form of various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods.…

    • 1439 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Influenced by the Scientific Revolution, an intellectual movement of the late 17th and early 18th centuries was formed; the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment, also called the Age of Reason’s primary thought was that natural law could be used to examine and understand all aspects of society. Enlightenment thinkers believed that there was a better way to improve society, people, and economic conditions.…

    • 1341 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The movement’s structure is explained to have given the worker a feeling they were involved in more of a cultural crusade than a conventional trade union, denoting a feeling of brotherhood and change. Or as noted by John Peebles, former mayor of Hamilton “a crusade for purity in life generally”.1 The article examines the various occupations involved in the movement as the Knights drew a range of workers together, increasing their bargaining power and providing them with a pride in their work. Examples of their traditions were analyzed - secret societies and fraternal brotherhoods, using pageantry and oaths to strengthen their…

    • 590 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    to the one below by filling in the incidents of labor unrest discussed and the…

    • 3368 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Karl Marx had the luxury of coming after Adam Smith and thus was able to critique his idea when he gave his explanation of how capitalism arose. The main reason for Karl Marx was primitive accumulation,…

    • 1036 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Industrial Revolution, which took place in the 18th to the 19th centuries, was an era during which essentially uncultivated, rural societies in America and other countries became industrial and urban. Before the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain during the late 1700s, construction was mostly done by using hand tools or basic machines. Mechanization marked a shifted to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production. The iron and textile industries, onward with flowering of the steam engine, played important roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of transportation, communication and banking. While industrialization helped boost volume and many of manufactured goods and a better way of living for some people, it also resulted in much terrible employment and living conditions for the poor and working class.…

    • 898 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Jurisprudence

    • 407 Words
    • 2 Pages

    1. Natural Law: or the law of nature. Human laws that come from enternal (never ending) and unchangable. It is a system of law that is determined by nature, and so is universal. Classically, natural law refers to the use of reason to analyze human nature — both social and personal — and deduce binding rules of moral behavior from it. natural law can be invoked to criticize judicial decisions about what the law says but not to criticize the best interpretation of the law itself.…

    • 407 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Natural Law Essay

    • 886 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Natural Law is a set of principles regarded as a basis for which all human beings should live their lives. It originated from the Greek philosopher Aristotle and was finished off by Thomas Aquinas. Natural Law is based on the idea that everyone has the same opinion on what is morally right or wrong - this allows Natural Law to be applied universally. It is an absolutist approach - meaning that there are no exceptions to the Primary Precepts. There are five of these Primary Precepts, all of which are in accordance with the main human purpose. These five precepts are: to worship God; to live in society; to educate children; the continuation of the species through reproduction and the self-preservation and the preservation of the innocent. Natural Law is also based on the idea that God created everything for a purpose, allowing Aristotle's Four Causes theory to be applicable here.…

    • 886 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Apwh Chapter 16 Terms

    • 602 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Enlightenment - A philosophical movement in eighteenth century Europe that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that governed social behavior and were just scientific as the laws of physics.…

    • 602 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Enlightenment: a cultural movement of intellectuals beginning in the late 17th and 18th century Europe emphasizing reason andindividualism rather than tradition.[1]…

    • 834 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays