living in the

Topics: Urban decay, City, Racial segregation Pages: 7 (1256 words) Published: September 14, 2014
Living in the “Inner City”

Exam Date
Wed, December 4th, 2013, 8:30
For each text, there will be 2 multiple choice questions
There will be altogether 20 questions, corresponding with the 20% evaluation of this exam per correct answer you get one grade point

Required Texts
Sherene Razack, Race, Space and the Law (RSL)
S. Razack, When Place becomes Race (1-17)
M. Oikawa, Cartographies of Violence (71-98)
B. Lawrence, Rewriting Histories of the Land (21-46)
Eva Mackey, The House of Difference (HoD)
Settling Differences: Managing and Representing People and Land in the Canadian National Project (23-49) Managing the House of Difference (50-70)
Other Articles
R. Mongia: A History of the Passport
Yasmeen Abu-Laban, Welcome/Stay out. The Contradictions of Canadian Integration and Immigration Policies at the Millennium S. Krishnamurti, Queue-jumpers, terrorists, breeders: representations of Tamil migrants in Canadian popular media L. Wacquant: Urban Desolation and Symbolic Denigration in the Hyperghetto G. Lipsitz: The Social Warrant of Consumer Citizenship

Exam Preparations

We can broadly distinguish three different categories of questions that correspond to different levels of difficulty 1st category (easy to answer: 7 questions):
Questions in which you will need to identify what a text is about and what kind of sociological issue is being discussed 2nd category (somewhat difficult: 8 questions)
Questions in which you will need to identify what kind of arguments have been advanced in a text 3rd category (quite challenging: 5 questions)
Questions in which you will need to assess concepts and what they actually mean

Sample Question (Category 1)
In his text “Urban Desolation and Symbolic Denigration in the Hyperghetto”, Loic Wacquant examines:  The gradual demise of urban neighborhoods in large cities that become desolated after a majority of residents have moved out  The relationship between the public framing of urban neighborhoods as dangerous, the material conditions in these places, and the psychological effects it has on its residents  The problem of riots in urban ghettos, the challenges these pose for community policing and discourses of city-planners in response to these challenges

Sample Question (Category 2)
In his text “Urban Desolation and Symbolic Denigration in the Hyperghetto”, Loic Wacquant argues that (paraphrased from the text):  ‘the physical condition and institutional neglect of the neighborhood leads to a sense of social inferiority which results from the message conveyed to residents that they are second or third-class citizens that do not deserve the attention of city officials and of the care of its agencies.’  ‘the socially low status of the working class in these neighborhoods makes it entirely difficult for them to mobilize for their needs and access available resources the city provides, once the right agencies have been contacted’  ‘the main reasons for the physical and moral deterioration of the urban ghetto is to be found in the alienation and segregation that people from predominantly lower class backgrounds experience in relation to each other, which prevents a consolidated community response to the actual problems they face’

Sample Question (Category 3)
In his text “Urban Desolation and Symbolic Denigration in the Hyperghetto”, Loic Wacquant, intervenes in studies on urban segregation in the following ways: He claims that his approach is designed to support Marxist studies that have focused on the relationship between unemployment and continued racial discrimination as the key structural problems to address  He claims that his approach fills a gap in paying a attention to the symbolic and psychological meanings of entrapment at the bottom of the hierarchy of places that make up the city, something that other sociological studies have only partially addressed.  He claims to further advance theories of the Chicago school of urban sociology...
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