Literature Review

Topics: Violence, Crime, Domestic violence Pages: 4 (1349 words) Published: September 28, 2013
Literature Review

How does exposure to violence relate to violent crimes in American society? Exposure to violence can encompass three of our senses. We will see it, hear it and unfortunately touch it as well. Most of our exposure will come from seeing and hearing. We watch movies, television we experience violence in our homes, schools, workplace or simply being out and about, we may experience some sort of violence. The majority of us experience violence and abstain from it as best we can while others partake in it and allow their exposure to violence relate to violent crimes they commit in the future. In the article Victim of and Witness to Violence (Vatnar), excellent questions were discussed. Does partner violence have a negative impact on the fetus during pregnancy or on the newborn baby? What are the risks of children being exposed to partner violence? There was a negative association between children's age when first exposed and the frequency of the physical and psychological violence. The study conducted in Norway with a small sample size of only 137. As far as statistics, that does equate into an adequate sample but a larger sample size would give this particular study a better comparison to the population as a whole.. The study also lacks credence because the study only included children between the ages of 2-17. In fairness to the researchers, it would be difficult to determine the effects of violence on an infant or toddler since children of that age cannot fully understand what they are witnessing. The effects of intimate partner violence (IPV), according to the study, are physical, psychological, and sexual. A recent review concludes that most studies focus on physical IPV and do not assess either sexual or psychological IPV in their analyses (Taillieu & Brownridge, 2010).” The lack of sexual or psychological studies leaves this research incomplete. Although physical abuse is the most common form of IPV, the study should have focused more on...

Cited: Bø Vatnar, Solveig Karin, and Stål Bjørkly. "Victim Of And Witness To Violence: An Interactional Perspective On Mothers ' Perceptions Of Children Exposed To Intimate Partner Violence." Violence & Victims 26.6 (2011): 830-852. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
Charles Negy, et al. "Personality, Parental, And Media Influences On Aggressive Personality And Violent Crime In Young Adults." Journal Of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma 17.4 (2008): 395-414. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
Coyne, Sarah M. "Does Media Violence Cause Violent Crime?." European Journal On Criminal Policy & Research 13.3/4 (2007): 205-211. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
Dahl, Gordon, and Stefano Dellavigna. "Does Movie Violence Increase Violent Crime?." Quarterly Journal Of Economics 124.2 (2009): 677-734. Business Source Premier. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
Ferguson, C. J. (2002). Media violence: Miscast causality. American Psychologist, 57, 446–447.
Nilsson, Anders, and Felipe Estrada. "Risky Neighbourhood Or Individuals At Risk? The Significance Of Neighbourhood Conditions For Violent Victimization In Residential Areas." Journal Of Scandinavian Studies In Criminology & Crime Prevention 8.1 (2007): 2-21. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
Rohlfs, Chris. "Does Combat Exposure Make You A More Violent Or Criminal Person?." Journal Of Human Resources 45.2 (2010): 271-300. Business Source Premier. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
Taillieu, T. L., & Brownridge, D. A. (2010). Violence against pregnant women: Prevalence, patterns, risk factors, theories, and directions for further research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 15(1), 14–35.
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