Literature Review

Topics: Human resource management, Management, Strategic management Pages: 10 (3363 words) Published: July 16, 2013
Literature Review and Learning Journal

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Literature Reviews
Energy is an extremely significant cost factor in managing the United States petrochemical industry (Neelis et. al, 2008). According to the current business scenario, US faces an increasingly competitive and challenging business environment all over the globe, the US petrochemical industry seeks out to curtail their production costs without affecting their production output or yield. The uncertainty in oil prices is one of the most crucial factors that have a negative impact on forecasted earnings of the petrochemical industry. The most applicable method of price forecasting in petrochemical industry is making the estimations of average cost that has to be produced in a new plant in order to determine the economic size and eventually the reasonable profit. Viable and cost-effective investment in the petrochemical industry through installing energy efficient practices as well as technologies meets the tremendous challenge of preserving the maintenance of a high quality energy product. Energy usage is a significant source of emissions incorporated in the petrochemicals industry. This source of emission in the petrochemical industry causes a tremendous improvement in energy efficiency. Also the competitive factors comprising of number of manufacturer as well the employment of new technologies for the development of petrochemicals are the cause of strategic options employed in the manufacture of petrochemicals.

Strategic management evaluates critically the significant initiatives taken by an organization’s top management to allocate its resources efficiently and effectively in order to attain maximum business feasibility and profitability. The Chinese petrochemicals companies are Petro China Company limited and China National Petroleum Corporation. CNPC holds approximately total reserves of 3.7 billion barrels (590,000,000 m3) of oil equivalent. CNPC produced approximately 54 billion cubic metres of natural gas in 2007. CNPC invested most of its domestic assets into a separate company known as Petro China, during a plan of restructuring their organization. CNPC has around 30 international production as well as exploration projects. These projects are completed in joint coopeartion with numerous Asian, European, American as well as several countries that are included in USSR. The countries that are included comprised of  Azerbaijan, , Peru, Sudan, Thailand, Canada, Iran, Indonesia, Turkmenistan, and Venezuela, Myanmar, Oman. The exploration projects, both domestic and overseas, are run by a wholly owned subsidiary, the Great Wall Drilling Company (GWDC). So, strategic management consists of making clear the organization’s mission, business goals that are necessary to be achieved for the survival of business as well as its objectives. Public sector does not measure in cost but it is equivalent that is very much central to the production as well as delivery of public commodities and services. The market failure occurs because the goal of private sector in the economy organizations is usually to increase efficiency and effectiveness, thus attaining the business objective of producing the goods and services at a lower cost in comparison to the prevailing production costs in the industry (Baume & Tolbert, 1985). As private sector failed because of the market failure, public sector does fails because of the higher inefficiencies in the deliverance of service. The most common example of these inefficiencies is regarded as Public Education. The area of public education has immensely failed to match up to the level of Private Institutes that are operating independently in providing quality education as...

References: Blackhall, I and Michelle, L 2010. The impacts of personal stress upon critical project decision making in construction. Available at:
Bouma, G. & Atkinson 1995. A Handbook of Social Science Research: A Comprehensive and Practical Guide for Students. Oxford University Press.
Bryman, A. 2012. Social research methods (4th edition). Oxford university press, New York.
Campbell F. 2000. The influence of personal characteristics on effectiveness of construction site managers. Construction Management and Economics.
Sofer N. Z. & Raimes, A. 2002. Keys for writers: A brief handbook. Third ed. Houghton Mifflin Company.
Senge, P. 2010. The Fifth discipline: The Art and Practice of Learning Organization. Crown Publishing Group.US.
Ulrich, D. 2012 HR from outside in: Six competencies for the future of Human Resources. Mcgraw Hill. United States.
Underwood, M. 1989. Teaching Listening, Longman, London.
Wright, T. 1987. Roles of Teachers and Learners. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
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