Literary Analysis: Macbeth and
Romane, Eng 11
Have you ever experienced the feeling of losing loved ones forever? Killing Friends because you have to? Or even losing your sanity from extreme experiences? Death is what causes all these things and it is terrible but it will always be inevitable. In Shakespeare's play Macbeth and Veronica Roth's novel Divergent death is always a part of the lives of the main characters and this affects everything and everyone throughout the stories. although death is a terrible thing, sometimes it is a responsibility, it can have its toll on people and it can be the only way out. During Divergent the main character Beatrice Prior, Tris for short is taught how to fight to survive and must use those skills to defend her life throughout the book, Including when she must kill her own friend because it is her responsibility. For example “Will . Dull eyed mindless, but still will. He stops running and mirrors me, his feet planted and his gun up. In an instant, i see his finger poised over the trigger, i hear the
bullet slide into the chamber, and i fire. My eyes squeezed shut. Can't breathe. The bullet hit him in the head because thats where i aimed”(Roth 446). This is during the period of time where her friends were being controlled and are trying to kill her. She must put aside all of her emotions and kill the ones she loves. This is her duty if she wants to save the rest of the people being controlled. Before all of this happened though death was still being shown in a more subtle way. Before the dauntless graduate from initiation they must be injected with a serum that is said to be a tracker in case you get hurt on the job. Roth uses foreshadowing to show that danger would be coming soon. For example, when Tris says “ a moment later, Tobias’ thumb brushes over the injection site in my neck, and a few things come together at once. 1. Colored serum contains transmitters 2. Transmitters connect the mind to a simulation 3. Erudite developed the serum 4. Eric and Max are working with the Erudite”(Roth 415). This foreshadows that the dauntless will eventually be controlled by the Erudite to do something bad in the future. This foreshadowing quote is what set off the biggest death sequence in this book. Divergent isn't the only book with death involved at all times though.
In Shakespeare's play Macbeth death comes up a lot more often than not. Death is obviously always bad and some people are sad for a small time, others are for a long time, and others cause it and don't care, but theres always those few people that death takes its toll on. In Macbeth the main character’s wife, Lady Macbeth, helps him kill the king and says there is no problem with it and a little water would wash away the blood and the memory. Later in the play Lady Macbeth begins to break down under the
pressure of being the culprit of killing the king. She later becomes sick and ends up sleepwalking and saying things in her sleep such as “Yet here’s a spot. Out, damned spot, out I say!”(Shakespeare 5.1.25). She's referring to the supposed blood she can see on her hand from when she killed the king because she feels guilty and cannot rid herself of the memory. The feelings of this quote increases over time due to Shakespeare's imagery skills. Before Lady Macbeth felt the pains of being guilty of killing the King, she had said that it did not matter and that killing him must be done right. Shakespeare used imagery very well during these times. Lady Macbeth says: “Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him.”(Shakespeare 5.1.28) she is describing the scene of the crime where they killed the king as bloody and gruesome.
Killing others isn't the only way that death is apparent in these books. In Roth's novel Divergent, there is a time when people just can't take the memories and guilt ...
Cited: Shakespeare “Macbeth”
Veronica Roth “Divergent”
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