James Augustine Aloysius Joyce was born on February 2, 1882, just south of Dublin in a wealthy suburb called Rathgar. The Joyce family was initially well off as Dublin merchants with bloodlines that connected them to old Irish nobility in the country. James’ father, John Joyce, was a fierce Irish Catholic patriot and his political and religious influences are most evident in Joyce’s two key works A Portrait as a Young Man and Ulysses. Dublin figured predominately in Joyce’s writings. Through this subject, Joyce felt as though he could to the heart of a universal urban experience. Noted for his experimental use of language in such works as Ulysses (1922) and Finnegan’s Wake (1939). Joyce’s technical innovations in the art of the novel include an extensive use of interior monologue; he used a complex network of symbolic parallels drawn from the mythology, history, and literature, and created a unique language of invented words, puns, and allusions. In 1905, Joyce completed a collection of eight stories, entitled Dubliners, though it was not until 1913 that the volume was actually printed. The delay was due to concern about the frank sexual content and some of the charged political and social issues addressed in the collection. During these frustrating and impoverished years, Joyce heavily relied upon the emotional support of Nora Barnacle, his unmarried Irish lover, as well as the financial support of his younger brother, Stanislaus Joyce. Both Nora and Stanislaus remained as protective, supporting figures for the duration of the writer’s life. Some similarities can be seen between James Joyce and his short story Eveline; some events that occurred were obvious influences in its creation, however, in Eveline’s reaction and decisions made as a result of these actions were different entirely. This was mainly due to the fact that Eveline was influenced by many different aspects of her life such as her loyalty to her family whether living or deceased, her dedication to religious beliefs, or the fact that she was afraid to change what she had known most of her life and was unsure if change was the right thing for her. Being brought up in Catholic Ireland dictated that she be religious as well, which would partly explain why Eveline thought it unwise to leave her home and run away with her lover. She felt that home was where she was needed, and that it would be the right place for her to stay. Her obvious Catholic up rising was only proven true as in the text it speaks of the yellowing photograph of a priest who she had yet to learn the name of, and that was also used by her father to show visitors his old school friend that casual spoke of as being in Melbourne (Eveline 19-20). Having experienced her mother’s death at such a young age caused her to second guess whether or not she should honor the promise she made to her mother. That being for Eveline to stay and hold her home together for her family, which posed a real challenge for Eveline based on her father’s cruel disposition and the absence of her siblings. Though she still thought about some nights where her mother would lie in bed sick and repeating herself, and this thought frightened her as to what would become of her lest she stay in Ireland (Eveline 93-94). As distant from her siblings as she was, Eveline still loved them regardless which lead to another difficulty for her to choose between Frank and Buenos Aries or Dublin and what was left of her family. Although she had Harry who, being in the church decorating business caused him to always be away from home, at least he was still alive unlike Ernest. Seeing as though financially her father was stingy Harry would occasionally help by sending what he could and Eveline respected him for that (Eveline 40-41). Eveline’s father was always a hard man even when she was younger he would drive kids out of the lot outside of her home where all the neighborhood...
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