lit review: The effects of strucual model of therapy on single mothers living in urban areas

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Introduction
Urbanization is exponentially growing in the world while rural living is decreasing; over half the world's population lives in a urban areas (Meyer­Lindenberg, 2015). Urban being defined as an constantly built­up area with 50,000 or more residents with at least 1,000 residents per square miles as defined by the United States Census. Urbanized living is accompanied by many risk factors that are common to the development of mental health issues and disorders
(Carol Strike, Paula Goering, & Donald Waylenki, 2002). Poverty, homelessness, gangs, inadequate housing and exposure to violence are some of the many risk factors involved in living in the inner city or urban area. (Adli, 2011). While these risk factors are prevalent in urban area so is the rate of single mother households. One in four children are being raised without a father and this number only increases in inner cities. (Dawn, 2015). This suggest councilors need to be aware of the heightened trials single mothers in urban cities encounter and what methods of counseling could potentially be the most beneficial. Structural therapy model can be applied to looking at these risk factors when dealing with single mothers and may be a beneficial therapy to manipulate while working with such a population. Structural Family Therapy
“The trajectory of assessment in structural family therapy moves from linear perspective, in which problems are located in the identified patient, to an interactional perspective, in which problems are seen as involving other members of the family” Nichols and Tafuri (2013) stated to describe Structural Family Therapy (pg 207). Structural Family Therapy is based upon systems and identifies structural change as the primary goal of therapy (Colapinto, 1982, p. 1). Structural family therapy is one of the most widely used and taught forms of family therapy, and it has a well developed body of research on effectiveness (Figley and Nelson, 1990; Aponte,

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