Medical marijuana is a controversial subject. This literature review is broken up into four sections and will focus on the general therapeutic uses of medical marijuana, the methods to use medical marijuana, medical marijuana use for multiple sclerosis patients, and medical marijuana use for AIDS/cancer patients. The reason for the first section, therapeutic uses of medical marijuana, is because it allows the readers to understand the general beneficial therapeutic use of medical marijuana. The different methods to administer medical marijuana are listed as another category because there are different choices that a patient has to effectively use marijuana for medical use. With that being said, there are three methods listed in this review, with one being the most commonly use but is the most harmful way to use marijuana and the other two being the alternative choices for patients. The third section, medical marijuana use for multiple sclerosis patients, deals with how medical marijuana works in certain patients but not in all of the multiple sclerosis patients. The last section, medical marijuana uses for AIDS/cancer patients, is about the effective beneficial use for the patients. The only database that was used was the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) because it was the first database that I tried for health related information. This database had enough information that I did not need to look at other databases. The dates of the articles that were used in this literature review range from 2000 to 2011.
Section One: Therapeutic Uses The following three articles will focus on the therapeutic uses of marijuana for medical use. In the first article, Seamon MJ, Fass JA, Maniscalco-Feichtl M, and Abu-Shraie NA are the authors who are affiliated with the College of Pharmacy at Nova Southeastern University of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. They published their work in the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy.
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