|the university of zambia | |LINKING CLIMATE CHANGE TO HIV AIDS | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Name: Mweetwa Mudenda | |Course: MPH-Environmental Health | |Computer Number: 512807826 |
LINKING CLIMATE CHANGE TO HIV/AIDS
IPCC defines climate change as “A change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g., by using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer” (Global Warming Policy Foundation, 2011). IPCC further defines climate variability as “variations in the mean state and other statistics (such as standard deviations, the occurrence of extremes, etc.) of the climate on all temporal and spatial scales beyond that of individual weather events” (Global Warming Policy Foundation, 2011). The change in climate and climate variation are both due to natural processes or persistent human activities that change the composition of the atmosphere and land use. The observed effects of climate variability and change affect the environment and society in all aspects.
|Table 1: HIV/AIDS Adults Prevalence Rates (%) | |Country |1999 |2001 |2003 |2007 |2009 | |Zambia |19.95 |21.5 |16.5 |15.2 |13.5 | |Source: Index Mundi |
The United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS estimated 34.2 million people around the world were infected with the disease in 2011, and 1.7 million deaths occurred in 2010 (UNAIDS 2009). Sub-Saharan Africa is the epicentre of the AIDS epidemic with over 70% of the infections worldwide, yet only constitutes 15% of the world’s population (Crewe, 2009). Zambia is on record to have lost over 1,300 teachers from HIV/AIDS within the first 10 months of 1998 (UNAIDS, UNEP, 2007). UNAIDS futher estimated in 2009 that 85.7% of total number of children were living with HIV, 90% of new infections were in children and 82.1 % of AIDS related deaths were also in Children in Zambia (UNAIDS, 2009). There is a reduction (as potrayed in table 1 above) in prevallence over the years even though many lives have been lost and continue to...
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