In many countries, the proportion of elderly people is increasing steadily. Does this trend have more positive than negative effects on society?
In many places today, especially in some developed countries, the phenomenon of aging society has shown up. However, because it is more likely that neither the government policy nor the system of serving elderly people has三 been established completely, there are a lot of society problems exposed.
While some people think that being in an aging society means more advantages to our lives. For example, elderly people have richer experience to guide youngsters, get deeper insight about social problems and also accumulate more professional skills than younger labors. In fact, there are more negative effects which do more harm to our society.
Firstly, more elderly people purport lower productivity and exert more severe growth-sapping effects of ageing. Such as Japan, knowning as the first developed country in Asia, which has practiced the national policy of “Departure from Asia for Europe” successfully, now is suffering from a high rate of old people which is expected to fall rise to about 52 millions by 2050. The real trouble is that living standards are already dropping compared with other rich countries, so Japan feels poorer. And falling output may weaken Japan’s sense of self-confidence and its standing in the world. What is more, Japan has the highest government debt relative to GDP in the rich world. If debt continues to grow as the economy contracts, it will become even harder to bear.
Moreover, aging society also bring the finance problem to both government and younger generation. As the number of retired people grows, a dwindling band of workers will have to support rising social-security payments. In Japan, ten years ago each person in retirement was supported by four in work. In ten years, that burden will fall on only two workers. If Japan’s workers cannot shoulder their burden, the country will find...
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