Lin Article Critique: Part 1
Title and Introduction
Lin Article Critique: Part 1
Title & Introduction
In the article Effects of forgiveness therapy on anger, mood, and vulnerability to substance use among inpatient substance-dependent clients (Lin, Mack, Enright, Krahn, & Basking, 2004), anger is the greatest deterrent for relapse in individuals who are trying to overcome substance-abuse addictions. A new approach to anger, forgiveness therapy, “posits that resentment and its accompanying anger are often justifiable responses to severe wrongs” (Lin et al., 2004, p. 1115). Forgiveness when given and received, allows for hope to be restored in human kindness. Jesus tells to forgive as He has forgiven, from the heart, “Repent, then, and turn to God so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord” (Acts 3:19, NIV), the times of refreshing for an addict are so precious, this is why forgiveness is crucial to their recovery.
Participants from a residential treatment facility were chosen and randomly assigned to one of two groups: forgiveness therapy or alcohol/drug counseling. The study consisted of twelve individual therapy sessions for each group and administered by the same therapist (Lin et al., 2004). The aim of the study was to test the two groups and determine if anger, depression, anxiety and vulnerability would decrease as a result of the individual therapies. Participants, six for forgiveness therapy and four for alcohol/drug counseling, attended a four-month follow-up to which there was a significant difference in the two groups. The forgiveness therapy group showed a substantial decrease in alcohol/drug vulnerabilities, where as alcohol/drug counseling remained about the same. The reason, researchers suggest is that forgiveness therapy did not focus on drug vulnerabilities, but “centered on the client’s thoughts, behaviors and feelings about someone other than themselves” (Lin et al., 2004, p. 1119). Title Critique
The title helps identify if the article is relevant to the persons’ research topic or of one that will prove to spark their interest. Several questions can be used in evaluating a title in determining whether the content is one of pursuing (Pyrczak, 2008). 1. Is the title sufficiently specific? Yes. Scale rating of 4.
The title clearly states the objects in this study, which are the effects of forgiveness therapy among substance-dependent clients. 2. Is the title reasonably concise? Somewhat. Scale rating of 2.
According to Pyrczak (2008), the title should be about fifteen words or less, this title contains seventeen words. The words “mood” and “substance-dependent clients” could have been eliminated because they are somewhat redundant. The title could have instead read, Effects of forgiveness therapy for addictive clients focusing on anger and vulnerability to substance use. 3. Does the title identify the types of individuals who participated? Yes. Scale rating of 5.
The title refers to substance-dependent clients who did participate in the study. 4. If a study is strongly tied to a theory, is the name of the specific theory mentioned in the title? Yes. Scale rating of 5.
The forgiveness therapy was used for this study is also listed in the title. 5. Has the author avoided describing results in the title? Yes. Scale rating of 5.
None of the results are described in the title. Pyrczak (2008) states that the results of the study are often scrutinized for more than one explanation of the research findings. 6. Has the author avoided using a “yes-no” question in the title? Yes. Rating Scale of 5.
No question appears in the title of this article.
7. If the title implies causality, does the method of research justify it? Yes. Rating Scale of 4.
The title implies that anger and mood could be related to vulnerability of substance abuse and...
References: Life Application Bible, new international version. (1991). Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House
Lin, W.-F., Mack, D., Enright, R. D., Krahn, D., & Baskin, T. W. (2004). Effects of forgiveness
therapy on anger, mood, and vulnerability to substance use among inpatient substance-
dependent clients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(6), 1114-1121.
doi:10.1037/0022-006X.72.6.1114. Retrieved from
Pyrczak, F. (2008). Evaluating research in academic journals: A practical guide to realistic
evaluation, fourth edition. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing
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