Lifestyle Theories Vs Deviant Place The

Topics: Criminology, Crime, Sociology Pages: 7 (1279 words) Published: December 3, 2014


Lifestyle Theories Vs Deviant Place Theory

Allison Kervi
September 24, 2014
Criminology
Core Assessment

Outline:
Title: Lifestyle Theories vs. Deviant Place Theory
Thesis: In my paper I will be discussing two criminal behavior theories, Lifestyle Theories vs Deviant Place Theory. I will discuss the historical background of these theories. I will talk about the causes of these theories. And lastly I will talk about prevention and punishment of these two theories. i. Lifestyle Theories

a. Historical Background
1. Crime is not a random occurrence; rather, it is a function of the victim’s lifestyle b. Causes
1. High Risk Lifestyle
2. College Lifestyle
3. Criminal Lifestyle
c. Prevention and Punishment
1. Job
2. Stricture Punishments
ii. Deviant Place Theories
a. Historical Background
1. The view that victimization is primarily a function of where people live.

b. Causes
1. Poverty homes
2. Densely Populated
3. Highly transient neighborhoods
c. Prevention and Punishment
1. Stronger Protection
2. Build communities up
iii. Conclusion

Abstract

So is someone turned into a criminal by the way they live their life or by where they live. Lifestyle theory believes that one turns into a criminal by the acts they make in their lifestyle such as using drugs or even drinking. Deviant place theory suggests that a person becomes a criminal by the places they live, such as living in low incomes cities that has little to no protection. Could both of these theories work together?

Lifestyle Theories Vs Deviant Place theory
Does someone becomes a criminal by their choice of living or by the places a person lives in? In my paper I will be discussing two criminal behavior theories, Lifestyle Theories vs Deviant Place Theory. I will discuss the historical background of these theories. I will talk about the causes of these theories. And lastly I will talk about prevention and punishment of these two theories.

Some criminologists believe that people may become criminals due to their lifestyle increases their exposure to criminal offenders. Lifestyle theory is defined as “views on how people become crime victims because of lifestyles that increases their exposure to criminal offenders” ( Siegel, 2011, p. 68).” In other terms crime is not a random occurrence; rather, it is a function of the victim’s lifestyle. Victimization risk is increased by staying out late, living in urban areas, and people someone may hang out with. One can stay out of criminal acts by staying home at night, moving to rural areas, earning more money, and getting married (Siegel, 2011, p. 68). Lifestyle theory was originally used by Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler. There are a million different lifestyles that can cause a human to act out and get involved into criminal behaviors such as getting involved with drugs or even the wrong crowd. There are also lifestyles that can keep a person out of criminal behaviors such as getting a good education, earning more money, and even living in a rural area. Drinking, taking drugs, sleeping around would be considered high-risk lifestyles. These behaviors have a greater chance of victimization. These risky behaviors expose humans to a lifestyle that is hard to get away from. Drug using is expensive and in return needs quite a bit of money to keep the drug supplies coming. These drug users turn to stealing or violent to get what they are using and will not stop till they get it. High-risk lifestyles always equal criminal behaviors.

Most young adults go to college to better themselves and get a higher education so one day they can live the American dream. However in other cases students go to college to party which in turns makes these students exposed to victimization. Students are worried about having a good time instead of studying and going out with friends as an award. College is expensive and...
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