Unit 4: Development through the Life Stages.
Assignment 1: P1.
Infancy (0-3 years)
0-1 month: this young an infant will have the ability to lift their head slightly. 6 months: at this age they will have the ability to pass an object from one hand to another and to roll over. 9-10 months: an infant should now develop the ability to crawl. 12 months: the infant should now be able to stand up unsupported by a person/ object. 18 months: at this age an infant should be able to crawl up stairs and is very likely to be able to walk, they will also be able to draw lines with a crayon on a piece of paper which is the beginning of the development of their fine motor skills. 2 years: now an infant should be able to run, go up and down stairs and sit themselves on a chair. They will also be able to use a spoon and fork, kick a ball and should be starting to develop bowel and bladder control. 3 years: at the end of the infancy stage an infant should be able to stand on one foot, march, ride a tricycle and put on their own shoes and socks. They should also be able to feed themselves and button and unbutton.
0-1 years: at this age an infants should start to recognise sounds and faces, their attention span should be increasing and they should be making sounds and noises. 1-2 years: at this age the infant should start to be speaking words and be more understandable and also recognise words, also colours and images in books will help with creativity and concepts. 2-3 years: at this age an infant will have a vocabulary of up to 1000 words and be fascinated by learning, the infant should also have started avoiding hazards. Emotional
All will be born with the inbuilt need to form an attachment to their carer, ideally they should form a secure attachment within the infancy stage. Play that involves parents will help with this. Fears will stem from an infant’s imagination.
0-3 months: even this young a baby can show pleasure, for example by smiling. 0-1 years: an infant will become shy and upset when they cannot see their primary carer. 1-2 years: at this age an infant will begin showing frustration and anger. Social
2-3 months: an infant will smile at a face at this age.
3-4 months: communication will happen through crying, and the infant will smile at their primary carer’s voice face and smile. Emily shortland
4-9 months: at this stage an infant attracts social attention and responds directly to strangers. 10-12 months: an infant will now know their own name, and will recognise and respond to different tones of voice. 1-2 years: the infant will now engage in social laughter.
2-3 years: it is now that infants will begin to make friends.
Childhood (4-9 years)
Growing will continue steadily throughout childhood, but not as fast as in infancy. At 6 years a child’s head will be around 90% of its adult size. 3-4 years: a child can walk on tiptoes and use crayons, and at 4 years should be able to kick and throw a large ball. 6 years+: a child should develop the ability to skip and ride a bike at this age and learn to cut neatly with scissors.
Language: at 4 years a child should be speaking in clear sentences that a stranger would be able to understand, but will still be making mistakes. At 5 years a full adult grammar and vocabulary will begin to grow. At 4-5 years a child should be able to write their own name and between 6 and 8 years their writing will become clearer and they should be able to tell a simple story. Cognitive: at this stage children can think in language without fully understanding, Piaget said that from 2-7 years they will be unable to work things out or think about things in a logical way (pre-operational stage). From 7-11 years they will be able to work out simple problems known as “concrete operations”, this is what Piaget called the concrete-operational stage. Emotional
It is in the childhood life stage where people develop an idea of self,...
References: Australia, K. 2014. Development In Children | Physical Development. [online] Available at: http://www.kidspot.com.au/Development-Development-Physical-development-in-babies-and-children+5367+553+article.htm [Accessed: 12 Jan 2014].
Services, A. 2011. Assignment Design Services: Schaie’s stages of life-span development. [online] Available at: http://assignmentdesigners.blogspot.co.uk/2011/07/schaies-stages-of-live-span-development.html [Accessed: 12 Jan 2014].
Stretch, B. 2007. BTEC national health & social care. Oxford: Heinemann.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document