BY: KEYOKA WHITE
• During childhood, children tend to vary their food intake (spontaneously) to match their growth patterns. Children’s food needs vary widely, depending on their growth and their level of physical activity. Like energy needs, a child’s needs for protein, vitamins and minerals increase with age.
Ideally, children should be accumulating stores of nutrients in preparation for the rapid growth spurt experienced during adolescence. Appropriate weight gain and development will indicate whether food intake is appropriate. Food-related problems for young children include overweight, obesity, tooth decay and food sensitivities. Recommendations include: If a child is gaining inappropriate weight for growth, limit energy-dense, nutrient-poor snack foods. Increase your child’s physical activity. You could also limit the amount of television watching. • Tooth decay can be prevented with regular brushing and visits to the dentist. Avoid sugary foods and drinks, especially if sticky or acidic.
• Ensure your child has enough fluids, especially water. Fruit juices should be limited and soft drinks avoided. • Reduced-fat milks are not recommended for children under the age of two, due to increased energy requirements and high growth rate at this age.
• Be aware of foods that may cause allergic reactions, including peanuts, shellfish and cow’s milk. Be particularly careful if there is a family history of food allergy.
• It is recommend that in your adulthood stage of life you should increase your iron and calcium intake. One of the most important diet is to increase the intake of iron rich food. Some of them foods include lean meats, fish, beans, dark green vegetable, nuts, and iron fortified cereals and other grains. As well as a good dietary supply of calcium and other vitamins or minerals, like Vitamin D and phosphorous are need for building bones. Some other recommendations include make a...
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