Life Span Development Exam

Powerful Essays
Life Span Development Psychology
Professor J. Martins-Shannon
Exam 1 Chapters 1-4

1. Human development theories provide an explanation for patterns of stability and change. There are ranges of ideas embedded within each theory along with mechanisms for change and predictions for growth. Each theory recognizes factual aspects of human development.
-Keeping this thought in mind discuss the Cognitive and Behaviorist view with 3 sound factual aspects, a brief example to exemplify each theory & overall sound personal reasoning aspects to explain the premise of the theory with regards to biological, psychological & societal emphasis for development. Cognitive view consists of cognition which is the organizing and meaning of experiences consisting of synthesizing, justification, analyzing and reasoning, problem solving and memories. Also with wanting to achieve equilibrium, this is a balance between organized structures (motor, sensory and cognitive). When the structures are in equilibrium they deliver other effective ways of interacting with the surrounding environment. Whenever changes happen it may require an adjustment and when this happens is it called disequilibrium. It also deals with balance which is achieved through schemas (assimilation, adaptation and accommodation).
Assimilation- interpreting new experiences to adjust with existing experiences, a cognitive example of this could be you move into a new neighborhood and you have attended a catholic church since you were born, but the neighborhood you just moved into everyone there is Jewish. With assimilation you would still attend your catholic church but you are will to learn more about your neighbors and their religion.
Adaptation- making adjustments to schemas to balance new and old information. A Sensory example of this could be you work outside all day in the sunlight and by the time you come home from work it is dark outside. You walk into your home and your family has all the lights on, you

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