Life of St. Augustine
Bishop of Hippo Doctor of Grace 354-430 AD
Birthday: November 13, 354 AD
Birthplace: Thagaste, Numidia, North Africa
Real Name: Aurelius Augustinus
Father: Patricius - Pagan
Mother: Monica (St. Monica) - xtianSiblings: 2 Brothers and 1 Sister (Navigius and Perpetua) Death of Augustine: August 28, 430 at 76 y/o
Principle: Philosophy/ Beliefs
He argues that skeptics have no basis for claiming to know that there is no knowledge. In a proof for existence similar to one later made famous by René Descartes, Augustine says, “[Even] If I am mistaken, I am.” He is the first Western philosopher to promote what has come to be called “the argument by analogy” against solipsism: there are bodies external to mine that behave as I behave and that appear to be nourished as mine is nourished; so, by analogy, I am justified in believing that these bodies have a similar mental life to mine. Humans are morally responsible for their actions.
Though initially optimistic about the ability of humans to behave morally, at the end he is pessimistic. “omnipotent being” and “original sin”
Original sin makes human moral behavior nearly impossible.
He saw that human being as a perfect unity of two substances: soul and body. Body- soul unity is marriage: your body is your wife. Initially, the two elements were in perfect harmony. To be human is to be a composite of soul and body, and the soul is superior to the body. All things are good, there’s no such thing as evil.
Augustine – The Will
Augustine taught that due to the fall, man was unable to save himself. It was totally of God’s grace. Pelagianism – Man contributes to his own salvation.
His other works:
The Confessions AD 397 and AD 398
City of God 426 AD
ST. AUGUSTINE AND HIS CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION
ST. AUGUSTINE (354-430CE)
Augustine fashioned a philosophical framework for Christian thought that was essentially (relating to) Platonic THE ABSENCE THEORY OF EVIL
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