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BCIT Comm 2003 Team Project | Policy Report | Resolving Tuition Fee Strikes in Quebec in 2012 | | Anna Kim, 8/25/2012 |

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Letter of Transmittal

Table of Contents Executive Summary 4 Introduction 6 Tuition Fee Analysis and History 7 Summary 7 Introduction 7 The University Funding Plan in Quebec 7 Change in Tuition Fees in Quebec 8 Reasons to Raise Tuition Fees 8 Tuition Fee Analysis 10 Tuition Fees in Other Provinces 10 Analysis in Tuition Fees, Family Income and Students’ Debts 11 Tuition Fee History 13 Why Are Tuition Fees Low in Quebec? 13 The Quiet Revolution 13 Conclusion 13 Students’ Demands and Tactics 15 Summary 15 Introduction 15 What are the Students’ demands? 16 What Tactics Are Students Using? 17 Unlimited General Strikes 17 Provincial Election in 2012 18 Social Media 18 Conclusion 18 Government’s Response 20 Summery 20 Introduction 20 Government Ineffective Actions to the Student Protesters 20 Police violence against protesters 20 Fines and Government Ignorance 21 Arrest and Charges 21 Bill 78 22 Government Proposal to negotiate with students 22 Government Proposal 22 Rising the Tuition Fee to Seven Years 23 $39 million in bursaries 23 Loan Payback According to Income 23 More benefits under government proposal 23 Conclusion 24 Conclusions 25 Recommendations 26 Works Cited 27

List of Illustrations Figures Figure 1 : Tuition fee increase in Quebec next five years 9 Figure 2 : Change in basic tuition fees in Québec universities (dollars) 10 Figure 3: Tuition fees in other provinces from 2007/2008 to 2010/2011 11 Figure 4 : Average family income in 2010 13 Figure 5 : Average debt of students in the last year of an undergraduate degree (dollars) 13

Table Table 1 : Québec University Funding Plan (in millions of dollars) 9

Executive Summary

In March 2011, the Quebec government issued the university funding plan. The plan



Cited: Ballingall, A. (2012, May 11). Quebec: From Quiet Revolution to not-so-quiet student riot. Macleans.ca. Banerjee, S. (2012, May 25). Quebec Student Protests: 2,500 Arrests And Counting . Retrieved from Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/05/25/quebec-student-protests-arrests_n_1544938.html?ref=canada Bélanger, C Daly, B. (2012, May 16). Students rush campus to disrupt classes as Quebec mull legislation. Retrieved from Sun News: http://www.sunnewsnetwork.ca/sunnews/politics/archives/2012/05/20120516-114543.html Davison, J Encouraging Quebec’s students to vote. (2012, Aug 13). Retrieved from montrealgazette.com: http://www.montrealgazette.com/news/Editorial+Encouraging+Quèbec+students+vote/7083753/story.html Gregoire, Y IRIS. (2012). Do we really need to raise tuition fee? Retrieved from iris-recherche.qc.ca: http://www.iris-recherche.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Brochure-English-web.pdf National Assembly of Quebec Quebec student leader. (2012, May 13). Retrieved from CTV news: http://www.ctvnews.ca/quebec-student-leader-gov-t-apathy-worsened-dispute-1.809290 Quebec student talks collapse and more protests loom QUÉBEC, M. D. (2011). Un plan de financement des universités équitable et équilibré - Pour donner au Québec les moyens de ses ambitions. Quebec, Canada: Fiances Quebéc. Robert, M., Burrill, F., Katiya, Y., Hausfather, N., & Cloutier, A. (2012). Why should we strike? 23 answers for students. Shingler, B. (2012, June 11). Where is the Quebec government during the student strike? Not on social media . Retrieved from openfile.ca: http://www.openfile.ca/node/262266 Statistics Canada The Quebec students conflict. (2012, June 4). Retrieved from Sciencetech.com: http://www.sciencetech.com/pdf/4stupower.pdf. Trevor Mayoh, P. B. (2009). Tuition: Towards a Fair Student Contribution for Higher Education. Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance. Wolfe, D. (2012, January 30). Collective means, collective futures. Retrieved from mcgilldaily.com: http://www.mcgilldaily.com/2012/01/collective-means-collective-futures/ Woods, A Ballingall, A. (2012, May 11). Quebec: From Quiet Revolution to not-so-quiet student riot. Macleans.ca. Banerjee, S. (2012, May 25). Quebec Student Protests: 2,500 Arrests And Counting . Retrieved from Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/05/25/quebec-student-protests-arrests_n_1544938.html?ref=canada Bélanger, C Davison, J. (2012). What makes Quebec students 'distinct '? CBC News. Encouraging Quebec’s students to vote. (2012, Aug 13). Retrieved from montrealgazette.com: http://www.montrealgazette.com/news/Editorial+Encouraging+Quèbec+students+vote/7083753/story.html FEUQ Gregoire, Y. (2012, July 30). Quebec Election and the Student Strike. (J. Brown, Interviewer) Gyulai, L How much will it cost you? (2012). Retrieved from Quebec Tuition fees.ca: http://Quèbectuitionfees.ca/howmuch.php IRIS National Assembly of Quebec. (2012). Bill 78: An act to enable students to receive instruction from the postsecondary institutions they attend. Quebec official publisher. Quebec student leader. (2012, May 13). Retrieved from CTV news: http://www.ctvnews.ca/quebec-student-leader-gov-t-apathy-worsened-dispute-1.809290 Quebec student talks collapse and more protests loom QUÉBEC, M. D. (2011). Un plan de financement des universités équitable et équilibré - Pour donner au Québec les moyens de ses ambitions. Quebec, Canada: Fiances Quebéc. Robert, M., Burrill, F., Katiya, Y., Hausfather, N., & Cloutier, A. (2012). Why should we strike? 23 answers for students. Shingler, B. (2012, June 11). Where is the Quebec government during the student strike? Not on social media . Retrieved from openfile.ca: http://www.openfile.ca/node/262266 Statistics Canada The Quebec students conflict. (2012, June 4). Retrieved from Sciencetech.com: http://www.sciencetech.com/pdf/4stupower.pdf. Trevor Mayoh, P. B. (2009). Tuition: Towards a Fair Student Contribution for Higher Education. Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance. Wolfe, D. (2012, January 30). Collective means, collective futures. Retrieved from mcgilldaily.com: http://www.mcgilldaily.com/2012/01/collective-means-collective-futures/ Woods, A

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