Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

Topics: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, Sri Lanka, Tamil people Pages: 7 (2598 words) Published: April 2, 2013
The Tamils are an ethic group and lives in southern India and on Sri Lanka (mainly in the state of Tamil Nadu); it is an island of 21 million people odd the southern tip of India. According to a 2001 government census, most Tamils live in the eastern and the northern Sri Lanka, and they comprise approximately 10 percent of the island’s population. From their religion most of them are Hindu but Tamil language set them apart from the four fifths of Sri Lankans who are Sinhalese; the members of a largely Buddhist, Sinhala-speaking ethic group. When Sri Lanka was ruled by the British as Ceylon, most Sri Lankans regarded the Tamil minority as collaborators with imperial rule and resented the Tamil’s supposed superior treatment. Since Sri Lanka became independent in 1948, the Sinhalese majority had dominated the country. The remainder of Sri Lanka’s population includes ethnic Muslims as well as the Tamil and Sinhalese Christians. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is the only terrorist group which once consumed its own ‘Military’ – Tigers (infantry), Air Tigers (air wing) and Sea Tigers (sea wing) in the world. LTTE began its campaign in Sri Lanka for a separate homeland in 1983 for Tamils. On January 10, 2008 The Federal Bureau of Investigation reported that the LTTE is one of the most deadly and dangerous extremist group in the world and the world should be concerned about their outfits as they have inspired networks worldwide including the Al-Qaida in Iraq. The LTTE is the disreputable for having established the suicide bomb jackets as well as the use of women in suicide attacks. Also, they are blamed for the assassinations on a dozen high-level, over two hundred suicide attacks and its war costs more than seventy thousand lives against the government. In May 2009, the Sri Lankan government declared that the twenty-six yearlong conflict have been ended. The military claimed it had defeated the rebels and killed the LTTE’s mysterious leader Vellupillai Prabhakaran. The group accepted its defeat and in a statement said they decided to lay down its arms. However, both the LTTE and the Sri Lankan military have been accused of engaging in extortion, conscription, abductions and the use of child soldiers. The LTTE has been prohibited, banned or designated as a terrorist group by a number of Governments of India, European Union, Malaysia, Australia, UK, USA, Canada; whereas LTTE has a significant terrorist infrastructure for disseminating propaganda, raising funds, procuring and shipping supplies to support their terrorist campaign in Sri Lanka. Whereas, India was the first country to ban LTTE in May, 1992 and Sri Lanka itself is the latest in the list that ban the organization on January 7, 2009. The formation of LTTE was held on May 5, 1976 under the leadership of Velupillai Prabhakaran. He has emerged as the most lethal, well organized, and discipline terrorist force. In the Wanni region, Prabhakaran has established the headquarters of extensive networks of checkpoints and informants to keep track of any outsiders who enters into the group’s area of control. Terrorism in Sri Lanka began in 1970 with the formation of a militant student body called the “Tamil Students Movement” in which they protest government plans to limit access of Tamil students to universities. Sooner and later this movement become underground and turned to explicit terrorist activities. From 1972, violence increased in Jaffna by beginning with the publication of a new constitution seen by the Tamil United Liberation Front as anti-Tamil. Further the formation of two Tamil terrorist groups the Tamil New Tigers and Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization have been formed and these are the splinter groups of the original Tamil Students Movement. In July 1983, countrywide riots and clashes between Sinhalese and the Tamils left thousands of Tamils dead and several hundred thousand as refugees. The large numbers of government...

References: * CBC News. (2006, April 10) Canada adds Tamil tigers to list of terrorist groups. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2006/04/10/tamils-terror-designation.html
* Sinhalaya, S. (2007, May 11) Tiger’s Collecting Funds in Canada: Sri Lanka Tamil Tigers use pressure to raise funds, Canadian police say. Retrieved from http://circ.jmellon.com/docs/view.asp?id=1106
* GlobalSecurity.org. (2012, May 08) MILITARY. Retrieved from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/ltte.htm
* Lilley, B. (2010, July 19) Suspected Tamil Tigers headed for Canada. Retrieved from http://www.torontosun.com/news/canada/2010/07/19/14759301.html
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