Liam O Flaherty

Topics: Irish War of Independence, Irish Republican Army, Republic of Ireland Pages: 3 (677 words) Published: June 18, 2013
Liam O’Flaherty and The Anglo-Irish War

Liam O’Flaherty (1896-1984)
• Served in the Irish Guards of the British Army from 19151917 • Suffered serious injury from a bomb blast in Belgium; was discharged due to depression.

• Following WWI, traveled widely and developed a world view based on atheism, communism, and the notion that Ireland should be an independent nation

Liam O’Flaherty (1896-1984)
• Joined the Irish Republican Army to push for Irish independence. • Opposed the 1921 treaty that made Ireland a part of the British Commonwealth. • Wrote 13 novels between 1923 and 1976, many of which focused on the effects of war, revolution, and social upheaval in Ireland.

Anglo-Irish War - Origins
The Easter Rising took place on 24 April, 1916 in Dublin, Ireland. The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) successfully incited a rising of about 1,600 rebels, which was quickly crushed by Crown (British) forces. The handling of the rebels, however, created mass sympathy and the consequences of this rebellion are still felt in Irish and international politics.

The Anglo-Irish War
• 1919: The Irish Parliament, lead by Eamon de Valera and Michael Collins, declared Ireland a free state. • The Irish Republic army launched guerilla warfare during the Irish War of Independence

Anglo-Irish War - 1920
March — Thomas McCurtain, Lord Mayor of Cork was shot in front of his family by British forces.

October — His successor, Terence McSwiney, dies after a 74-day hunger strike. 1 November — Kevin Barry, an 18-year-old medical student, was hanged for his part in an ambush he took part in when he was 16. 21 November — Collins's 'Squad' killed fourteen members of an elite British spy group known as the 'Cairo Gang'. Revenge was taken by Crown forces, who fired on the crowd in Croke Park. 12 people were killed and 60 wounded. Later that evening, two IRA men and one innocent man were shot 'while escaping' — in fact, they were marched into the prison courtyard and...
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