Levels Of Prevention Case Study

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Three scenarios where I would apply each of the three levels of prevention
According to Edelman, Mandle and Kudzma (2017), the three levels of prevention are primary, secondary and tertiary. Through primary prevention level, it is possible to have health promotion and specific prevention such as immunization. Immunizing a healthy infant at the hospital is an example of a primary care scenario. The first step in this scenario would be checking on the immunization records to determine the required vaccines. This is followed by ensuring that an emergency tray is made available. After performing hand wash and obtaining the immunizing agent, the vial content should be examined. Then, immunization is administered to the infant. The infant would then
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This is done before the symptoms occur with an aim of stopping or slowing progression (Edelman, Mandle & Kudzma, 2017). An example of such scenario is where a nurse has to give clinical expertise and health information during Papanicolaou smears (Pap smear) on asymptomatic women. As a specifically trained nurse, I would have to scrap and collect the secretions from the patient’s cervix. These secretions would then spread on a slide and taken to the laboratory for analysis. Moreover, a ThinPrep can be used instead of slide to look for malignancy cells. In this scenario, the main aim of carrying out Pap smear is to help in early diagnosis of cervix cancer. This is a screening exercise where the nurse has to engage in secondary prevention. At the moment, women are encouraged to begin Pap smear from the age of 21 years. This ensures that the disease is diagnosed early and managed or treated. According to Aggarwal (2014), screening is very important in secondary prevention. Through screening, an unrecognized disease can be identified and taken care of. Moreover, screening helps to isolate those who are healthy from those who have a disease. The process ensures that there is a minimization of potential future disability from a disease. Through screening, it is possible to ensure that diseases such as stroke and cancer are controlled. Secondary prevention helps in ensuring that people are able to go back to their normal health and long-term problems are

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