Unit 1: An introduction to working with children
E1- Describe 3 different types of settings which provide care and education for children in your area include one example per setting type. E2- Describe how each of the types of settings identified in E1 aims to support children and their families. There are three different types of settings which provide care and education. These are: statutory provision, voluntary provision and private provision. Statutory provision is funded by the government. Examples of statutory provision include primary or secondary schools, doctors, opticians etc. An example of a statutory provision in Birmingham is Moseley secondary school. This school helps to provide support for children and their carer’s in many ways. Parent’s/progress evenings take place so the main carer can see how the child is progressing and what facilities the school has to aid them into receiving the grades they are predicted. There are also other services such as study support groups and the learning support centre to help children who develop at a slower speed than others. Private/independent provisions are not funded by the government meaning they do not have to follow the government’s rules or regulations so instead make up their own. Examples of private/independent provisions include private day nurseries, private schools, nannies, childminders, and tutors. An example of an independent secondary school in Sparkhill which includes a sixth form is Beechwood School. Parents who want and can afford the best care and teaching for their children pay privately to the independent provisions. As the parents are paying a large amount for the best resources they have a lot of say in the decision making within the school, for example if one of the subject teachers isn’t giving it their best then the parents can help and overcome the problems. Extra support sessions, private tutors are available to help the children if they have any learning difficulties or need any extra support. Trips abroad can also be provided for their children to help their learning develop further.
Voluntary provisions are services which are non-profitable organisations such as charities. They are funded from donations via the public or sponsors or from the local authority. Examples of voluntary provisions include community nurseries, play groups, youth clubs. Specific examples of youth clubs would include ‘YMCA’ and ‘Brownies’. These services are provided to help children to socialise and to become more independent. Mixing with other children outside of their comfort circles (school groups) help the children to grow as an individual, develop their social skills and expand their personalities. Most parents do not have large amounts of money and cannot afford to send their children to private day nurseries, so voluntary organisations such as YMCA help to provide the family with support and help their children to spend time with other children and away from their family to expand their social skills for later on in life.
E3- Describe the main legislation in your country that supports the rights of children. There are many pieces of legislation that enforce children’s rights; one of these being the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). This was first introduces in 1989 and it gives children and young people under 18 their own rights. There are 5 main aims to this convention; 1) Endorses the principle of non-discrimination
2) Reinforces the importance of fundamental human dignity
3) Seeks respect for children
4) Highlights and defends the family’s role in children’s lives 5) Establishes clear obligations for member countries to ensure that their legal framework is in line with the provisions of the convention The UNCRC is divided into articles; some may affect your practice with children and young people, the main 5 being: Article 2: The right to be protected from all forms of discrimination Article 3: The best...
References: 5. Criteria D2- “A multi-agency team includes professionals from different groups who come and work together for the good of the child; these include social workers, educational psychologists, health visitors and gp’s.” -Tassoni et al. 2007.
4. Tassoni et al. 2007, Childcare and education, Edition no.4, Edinburgh, pgs. 10, 11
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