level 2 supporting learning in schools

Topics: Motor control, Self-esteem, Motor skills Pages: 5 (801 words) Published: October 10, 2013

Looking at the development of children and young people is essential so that any potential problems, with a child reaching key milestones as expected, can be investigated straight away and necessary action taken.

There is a pattern of expected development, although each child is unique, it is still expected that development follow its path, if not this could indicate other areas to be addressed, For example: A physical impairment could have a direct effect on emotional development, such as low self esteem, or as an intellectual development within speech

To look at the stages and effects of development we look at this as a holistic sense, everything happens together, each area of development impacts another. To do this we use:

Physical – Intellectual – (Language) – Emotional – Social Behaviours
Looking into set areas of development in age ranges, (0-3 years, 3-7 years, 7-12 years, 12-16 years) we can understand the direct needs of each child as an individual

0-3 Years Development

Physical Development
0-3 year olds develop from the head down
Gain control of head
Rolling from side to side, front to back
Push themselves up using arms
Sitting unaided
Grasp/reach for objects
Crawling progressing to walking
Making marks with crayons (Lines)
Turn picture book pages
Use a spoon
Follows a development line for weight, height, head circumference Potty training
Intellectual Development
Start to be able to concentrate for short periods
Babbling turning into words
Points to objects wanted
Making animal noises
Recognises own name, colours, numbers
Understands simple instructions/questions (“No”, “Where is the dog?”) Inquisitive – Asking why
Repetition – Peek – a- boo, Songs and rhymes
Photo recognition

Social and emotional development
Temper tantrums – strong emotions
Separation anxiety – mum, dad and key carers
Routine is extremely important
Can be easily frustrated
Begins to have a sense of self
Likes to imitate adults
Start to exhibit emotion/feelings
Possessive of toys – will play along side not with other children Likes to make a choice but has difficulty doing so
Starts to show concern for other children but will still have strong feelings about their own needs being met Start to develop a sense of independence

3 to 7 years development

Physical development
Can stand on one foot (for short periods)
Throw/kick a ball
Climb stairs – one foot on each stair, increased confidence Ride a tricycle
Dressing self
Build towers
Turn pages in books
Show a hand preference
Improved drawing – Simple shapes i.e. house, circles
Enjoys puzzles such as jigsaws and peg boards
Fine motor skill developing – picking up smaller items
Holding pens/pencils in a grown up manner
Coordination improved

Intellectual development
Fine motor sills – Pen holding, handwriting, colour neater, cutting, threading beads Asking questions – “why?” “What is.?”
Understanding- weight, size, colour, numbers
Answers questions
Learning to read and write
Memory improving – can sing songs, recall stories
Can follow more detailed instruction
Start to verbalise feelings
Imagination – playing make believe
Speaking in sentences
Emotional and social development
Start to play independently for longer periods
Start to play with other children and share
Eager to earn – by doing
Proud of achievements
Shows concern for others
Likes/needs social interaction with other children
Understanding of boundaries – respect – sensible
Likes to pretend play (doctors, mums, postman)
Sense of humour
Moods can change rapidly
Manners developing
May still have a security blanket, comfort toy etc
7 to 12 years development

Physical development
Refining physical skills such as running, jumping and skipping Sport sills/talents showing
Can write joined up
Adult teeth
Fine motor skills further developing –...
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