...Elements of Business Letter
1. HEADING – serves to give the complete address of the writer and it gives the date when the letter is written.
2 KINDS OF HEADINGS
A. CONVENTIONAL HEADING –contains only the complete address of the writer and the date.
B. MODERN HEADING - contains the letterhead and the date, usually centered on the top of the stationary.
7 Moses St. Cielito Subd.
Camarin, Caloocan City
July 15, 2011
EXAMPLE OF CONVENTIONAL HEADING
EXAMPLE OF MODERN HEADING
2. INSIDE ADDRESS – contains the name and complete address of the individual or firm o whom the letter is written.
3. SALUTATION OR GREETING – is the greeting of the letter. Normally begins with “Dear” followed by person’s last name, but if the name and gender are not known “Sir/Madam” is written.
EXAMPLE OF INSIDE ADDRESS TOGETHER WITH SALUTION OR GREETING
College of Engineering
Dear Sir/Madam :
Engr. Rodolfo S. Tiongson
DEAN, College of Enginneering
Dear Engr. Tiongson:
4. BODY OF THE LETTER – consist of the actual message which is presented between the salutation and complimentary close. This is also written as text it is never write on hand written and must be clearly typed, neatly spaced and uniform in typographical construction.
5. COMPLIMENTARY CLOSE – is a conventional farewell to the reader. It follows...
...…………………………………………………. 12 b. Sample …………………………………………………………... Research tools ………………………………………………….... 12 c. 13 d.
Administration of research tool ………………..………………….13 e. Data analysis ……………………………………………………... 14 f. Limitation and assumptions ………………………………………. 15 References ………………………………………………………………… 16
a) Research design The research will employ a survey kind of research design where data will be collected from the employees. This kind of research design will best suited to collect the data since it will give the researcher a chance to collect primary data from the organisation. In his regard the researcher will be able to interact with the staff in the organisation which will make it possible to understand the dynamic factors of the research by having a first hand experience. One advantage with the survey kind of research design is that the researchers will have a chance of experiencing the culture of the organisation in practice rather that getting it from the secondary sources. b) Sampling and sample size The sample frame that will be used for the research will be the members of the staff of Penine foods. In the regard the research will collect data from both the worker and the managers of Penine Foods and not from external staffs. This is because the research is supposed to evaluate the effects of culture in those particular organisations. This will help to make the data collected more reliable and accurate. In...
...the larger population from which the sample was drawn. You should not apply your results to those subjects only who participated in the study. Applying findings from a sample to a larger population is known as generalization.
As the results of an experiment are to generalize the population, so we must be very careful while selecting the sample. The optimal procedure is to identify the population and then draw a random sample of individuals for participation in the experiment. In random sampling, every person in the population must be eligible for population. They also should get an equal chance for being chosen.
Random sampling is constructed by placing the name of every potential participant and then drawing out a specified number of names at one time. But in practice, this is not. Usually college students are used as they are easily available. The adverse effect of this is, it hampers the external validity or generality of experiment and the chances are that the opinion of non-college population may differ in numbers of ways of college students. Therefore, one should not limit themselves to college students only.
Techniques of obtaining representative sampling is:
a. Simple random sampling: Select a random number of individual from population. For eg; a golf ball. To combat problems here, select a large sample as it is more likely to represent all segments.
b. Stratified sampling: It provides...
...formulating theories) through data collection. Sample Data Sample data basically is a subclass of populations such as humans, animals and even objects; it often goes as far as Physical Science and the Scientific Method. Within statistics, known as survey methodology, Sample Data concerns itself in the selective method regarding the subset of inhabitants or humans from within any particular population. This is done in order to approximate the uniqueness of an entire populace like weight, gender, color, religion, job types, etc. Sample Data surveying is also extremely cost effective opposed to surveying an entire
population. In short, this form of Sample Data is, from my own opinion, nothing more than probability theories. Population Data On the other hand, Population Data is just that; a means or census aimed at providing Data specifically based on the demographics, collective distinctiveness of a populace, individualism, and the primary starting point regarding population estimations for Federal and State
Governments. This form of data supports federal and municipal legislations throughout our government and agencies. Examples amongst such usage of this particular “census data” would include educational institutes, academic researches, languages and overall population approximations and prognostications. How is a sample related to the population? A part (part being the key word here)...
...immature thrill seeker to that of being trustworthy and user friendly.
A quantitative approach will be utilized to meet the objective highlighted in the proposal. A detailed questionnaire will be developed with company feedback and the participants in the survey will be approached via multiple methods.
50% of the survey will be online, presented to people visiting the company websites, and few other commonly accessed tourism sites.
30% of the sample population will be approached via telephone. The names will be obtained from sites offering information on frequent travelers.
20% of the questionnaires will be more focused towards businessmen and youth, We might target 10% of the questionnaires to specific business clients that deal with Huella Hong Kong regularly and the other 10% to young travelers . Young travelers could be recently married couples or graduating students taking a break after completing education.
The target population shall include people from the age group 18-75. A sample of 5,000 questionnaires will be used to draw conclusions about the market.
Systematic sampling will be used for online survey. Every 5th visitor to the site will be requested to fill the questionnaire. Filters will be used to prevent same people to fill multiple.
Judgment sampling will be used for telephone and business and youth (20% focused) survey.
A total of six months will be used to collect and...
...Unit 3 – Survey Sample Size
American InterContinental University
This essay will have two parts one will discuss three different surveys and the second will be a survey that was performed by the author. The subjects of the surveys will be Entertainment, Political, and General. We will analyze the surveys that do not have the population that were surveyed.
The entertainment survey will be a survey that was conducted by Universal UK, was conducted in the Britain, and is about the movies they have vivid memories pictures of in their mind. (Macnab, 2013) The Political survey was conducted by Gallup Wellbeing, is about older United States employees. (Ander, 2013) Number 3, the survey is from Gallup Wellbeing also and is about how female veterans rate their life. (Meyers & Liu, 2013)
Universal UK conducted this survey in order to decide which movies would sell the most if put on DVD’s. To describe the number of participants Macnab said, “The participants were people across Britain”, but no number is mentioned. (Macnab, 2013) Without the number of people surveyed, we cannot calculate if the participants were the correct amount. It was thought that the memory of the movies was considered as, “escapism”, but through the survey results, it was discovered that it was the reverse. As it showed the participants did not use the movies to escape life’s problems, but they were used to...
...the number of the day is pronounced but not written. In the body of the letter, however, the article is written when the name of the month is not mentioned with the day.
• The Inside Address - In a business or formal letter you should give the address of the recipient after your own address. Include the recipient's name, company, address and postal code. Add job title if appropriate. Separate the recipient's name and title with a comma. Double check that you have the correct spelling of the recipient 's name.
The Inside Address is always on the left margin. If an 8 1/2" x 11" paper is folded in thirds to fit in a standard 9" business envelope, the inside address can appear through the window in the envelope.
• The Greeting - Also called the salutation. The type of salutation depends on your relationship with the recipient. It normally begins with the word "Dear" and always includes the person's last name. Use every resource possible to address your letter to an actual person. If you do not know the name or the sex of of your reciever address it to Dear Madam/Sir (or Dear Sales Manager or Dear Human Resources Director). As a general rule the greeting in a business letter ends in a colon (US style). It is also acceptable to use a comma (UK style).
• The Subject Line (optional) - Its inclusion can help the recipient in dealing successfully with the aims of your...
Resource Person: Miss. Syeda Mariam Naqvi
Table of Contents
Parts of Business Letter 3
Inside Address 3
Complementary close 4
Types of Business Letters 4
Full Block Style 5
Modified Block Style 5
Semi Block Style 5
Indented Style 6
Simplified Style 6
Hanging Indented Style 6
Punctuation Styles 6
Open Punctuation Style 7
Standard Punctuation Style 7
Closed Punctuation Style 7
“It is an exchange of thoughts and ideas in connection in monetary terms with a person or an organization. It is just a letter written for formal and professional purposes.”
Parts of Business Letter
Some of the regularly used parts are given below
Heading consists of the name of the firm and the address.
Address consists of address of the firm.
Date consists of the month, the day of the month, and the year.
Salutation always starts at the left margin, followed by a colon.
Body contains the message. Generally, single spacing should be employed within paragraphs of the letter body. The two most important sentences of the body are the first and the last. The first sentence...