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lesson plan

By jho_ehms Jan 28, 2014 1641 Words
A Detailed Lesson Plan in English (First Year – Secondary)

At the end of the discussion, the students should be able to: 1. State the four kinds of sentence, namely the declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences. 2. Familiarize the punctuation marks used in each type of sentences. 3. Classify sentences according to their used.

4. Construct declarative, interrogative, imperative and exclamatory sentences.

A. Topic: The Four Types of Sentences
B. Reference: Laboratory Activities in English I. Textbook
C. Materials: Visual Aids, Name Tags, White Board Marker
D. Values Develop a genuine love for reading cooperation, cleanliness and friendship


A. Learning Activities
Teacher’s activity
Student’s activity

“Good Morning, Class…”

“Let us pray first…”

(Checking of Attendance)
… Say present…

“Please pick up the pieces of paper under your chair.”

“So, how was your New Year?”
“That’s good! Have you enjoyed your

Christmas and New Year bonding with your family?”

“That’s good to know. Well, what’s you New Year’s resolution, class?”

“Yes, ______.”

“Oh! What a nice New Year’s resolution, _____! Now let’s hear one answer from the boys.”

“Ok. _____”

“Wow! Thank you for sharing, _______. Maybe that’s enough. Let’s move on to our new lesson. For this morning, our discussion will be in relation to our feelings or emotions. Are you familiar with the song entitled The Greatest Love of All?”

“Okay, that’s good. So are you ready to sing and have fun today?”

“Good Morning, Sir”

(One student will lead the Prayer)

Loving Father, We stand before You in the midst of confusion and complexities of life. Our future sometimes seems distant and unknown. Give us, O Lord, the vision to see the path You set before us. Grant us the courage to follow Your way, that through the gifts and talents You have given us, We may bring Your life and Your love to others. We ask this through Jesus, Your Son and our Brother. Amen

(Student raise their hand and say present as the teacher call their name)

(Students pick up the pieces of paper)

Student “It was great, Sir!”

Student “Of course, Sir. It was a lot of fun!”

Student (One student raises her hand)

Student “Sir, my New Year’s resolution is to come to school early.”

Student (One of the boys raises his hand)

Student “Sir. I want to be focused more in my studies.”

“Yes, Sir!”

Students “Yes.”

Warm Up
Let us sing The Greatest Love of All.
(Students sing)

“I believe the children are our future
Teach them well and let them lead the way
Show them all the beauty they posses inside
Give them a sense of pride
To make it easier
Let the children’s laughter
Reminders us how we used to be…”

“Okay, class. Now, what can you say about the song? What does the writer believe in?”

“How could you say so, Carl?”

“That was a very good explanation. (Student). You know what class, the song simply tells us that we should always consider for us to keep our family or relationship with others intact, sometimes showing affection or love towards a person, makes him feel that he is appreciated and there will be feeling of belongingness and love especially to young ones. And also as what have (Student) said, the writer believes that you, the younger generations, are the hope of our Fatherland. So, class, I want you to finish your study to accomplish the challenge that have given by our national hero.”

“Everybody had just sung very well. Give yourselves a big hand.

Student “Sir even though the song is very short; I guess it’s full of emotions.”

Student “Because Sir I noticed that the song has a lot to do with our love for children or mother to her daughter, father to his son. It has something to do with our love for our family, that’s the greatest love of all. The writer believes in what Dr. Jose Rizal said, “The youth is the hope of the fatherland.”

B. Lesson Proper

Presentation of the Lesson

“Class, as a review, what is a sentence?”

“You’re right, _______. Our Lesson for today is all about the different kinds of sentences. I have here four sentences and I need for volunteers to read these with emotions or feelings and tell us if what kind of sentence are they”

1. The boy goes to school.
2. Why are you crying?
3. Kindly give me a piece of bread.
4. Gosh, this beautiful!

“Class, there are sentences, right? But sentences are classified according to its use. Student 1, why you answered declarative sentence for sentence no. 1?”

“Yes, you have a point.
For sentence no. 2 Is it really an interrogative sentence?” (Student 2)

“Exactly. I think class, you made an advanced research about our lesson for today and I really like. Good job, class. Okay. Who answered sentence no.3?”

“A command sentence? Yes it expresses the concept of command or request but is not a command sentence. We will find it out later. Next, who answered no. 4?”

“Yes, you are right, Student No. 4.”

“Sentences are classified according to their uses They have four kinds or types. And the first kind of a sentence is what we call declarative sentence.”

“A declarative sentence tells something about a person thing, place or event. Take note, it usually ends with a period. Also, it makes a statement.”

For example,
1. I went to the amusement park yesterday.
2. Taal Volcano shows signs of activity.

“Who could give me a declarative sentence based from the song The Greatest Love of All?”

“Yes that’s right. Is it clear, class? Let’s proceed to the second type of sentence which is the interrogative sentence. What is an interrogative sentence? Please read, Student.”

“Yes. Interrogative sentence ask a question. Usually they are Wh – questions or Yes – No questions. Remember our lesson last year?”

For example,
1. Is your classmate absent?
2. Why are you happy?

“Based from the song, give me a line that asks a question.”

“Okay. The third type of sentence is the imperative sentence. This issues a command or expresses a request. There are two kinds of imperative sentence; the request and command. Request uses the words please or kindly while Command is like giving order.”

For example,
1. Please pass your paper. (Request)
2. Do you homework now. (Command)

“Give me an example of imperative sentence from the song”

“Yes, and what kind of imperative sentence?”

“Very good! Make it a request.”

“Very good! Is it Clear?”

“The last type of a sentence is what we call exclamatory sentence. It is expresses strong feelings or emotions such as anger, sorrow, grief surprises, or the like. It apparent ends with an exclamation point.”

For example,
1. We are here at last!
2. Oh Hamlet, thou has left my heart in twain!

“Give me an example, class.”

“Very good! So, questions? Are these clear to you? So, those were different kinds of sentences according to their uses.”


Declarative Sentence tells something about a person, place, thing, or event. It ends with a period.

Interrogative sentence asks questions. It ends in question mark.

Imperative Sentence issues a command or expresses a request. Its two kinds are request and command. A request uses please or kindly while Command is like giving order.

Exclamatory Sentence expresses strong feelings or emotions. It ends with an exclamation point.

(Group Activity)

Each Group will give 5 sentences in each type.

Enrichment Activity
(Role Play)

Act a scene that shows emotions using the different kinds of sentences.

Student “Sir, sentence is a word or group of words that has a complete meaning. It starts with a capital letter.”

(Post the activity in the board)

(Each student will write their answer on the board)
(Student 1)
(Student 2)
(Student 3)
(Student 4)

Student “Sir, one thing I remembered if a sentence is in declarative form when it ends with a period.”

Student “Yes, Sir! An interrogative sentence is a question and ends in a question mark,”

(Student raises his hand)
Student “Sir, sentence no. 3 is a command sentence.”

Student “Sir, sentence no. 4 is a exclamatory sentence because it ends with an exclamation point.”

(Post the related visual aids in the board)

Student (Post the related visual aids in the board)

Student (Read)

Student “I believe the children are our future.”

(Student) “An Interrogative sentence asks questions. It ends in question mark.

Students “Yes, Sir.”

Student (Read)

Student “What should we show to our children?”


Students “Teach the children well.”

Students “Command, Sir.”

Student “Please teach the children well.”

Students “Yes, Sir.”

Student (Read)

Student “Ouch, it hurts!”

Student “Yes.”

Identify each of the following sentences as declarative, imperative, interrogative, or exclamatory. Write your answer on the black before each number.

______ 1. The children are our future.
______ 2. Please let them lead the way.
______ 3. Do People need someone to look up to?
______ 4. How the children laughed!
______ 5. I found the greatest love inside.


Write a short story about your experiences either bad or goo using sentences according to use.

Drafted by-

Slide share

"The Greatest Love of All" is a song written by Michael Masser andLinda Creedand originally recorded byGeorge Benson for the 1977Muhammad Alibiopic The Greatest. (A live version by Benson appears on 1978's Weekend in L.A.) The song was later popularized by Whitney Houston under the title "Greatest Love of All". Creed wrote the lyrics in the midst of her struggle with breast cancer. The words describe her feelings about coping with great challenges that one must face in life, being strong during those challenges whether you succeed or fail, and passing that strength on to children to carry with them into their adult lives. Creed eventually succumbed to the disease in April 1986 at the age of 37; at the time her song was an international hit by Houston. - Wikipedia

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