Legal Studies - Area of Study 1 &2 Notes

Topics: Westminster system, Legislature, Parliament, Separation of powers, United Kingdom, Law / Pages: 25 (6236 words) / Published: Mar 11th, 2013
Area of Study 1
The Principles of the Australian Parliamentary System
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Representative Government refers to a government that characterises the views of the majority of people. The Government consists of representatives of the people who are chosen by the public.
-Regular Elections
-If government does not represent the needs of the majority of people it is likely to be voted out of office at the next election.
TIP-Do not use a circular definition. Ie. Do NOT say "representative government refers to a government that represents the views of the majority of the people". This definition will not get you full marks. (or should not if your teacher marks according to VCAA standards.)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Responsible Government refers to the government’s accountability to the voters.
-Government is answerable to the people for its actions.
- Ministers are responsible to parliament and therefore the people
(Ministerial accountability)
- Ministers are responsible to parliament for the actions of their department
- Members of Parliament may question ministers about their and their department’s activities.
- Ministers must act with integrity or resign.
If government loses support of lower house it MUST resign. Hence, Government is responsible to parliament. Parliament is responsible to the people.
TIP-Make sure to not only say that government is accountable to the voters but how government is responsible to parliament and parliament is responsible to the public. Hence the link
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The Principle of separation of powers refers to the fact that there are three separate types of powers in our parliamentary system.
• Legislative power- The power to make

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Legal Studies Notes
  • Legal Studies Notes on Crime
  • Legal Studies Summary Notes
  • Legal Studies Crime Notes
  • Area of Study
  • Legal Studies 3/4 Notes
  • Legal Studies Assignment 1
  • legal prelim course study notes
  • Legal Studies
  • Legal Studies