Running Head: LEGAL AND ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS FOR CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT
Legal and Ethical Implications for Classroom Management
Grand Canyon University: EDU 450
December 20th, 2012
Discipline is one of the greatest challenges that face today’s educators. Administrators and teachers must determine what types of discipline are effective and how to prevent student misconduct. Teachers and administrators must familiarize themselves with ethical and legal issues and requirements when developing and implanting disciplinary procedures.
Getting to the Bottom of Discipline at Your Child's School
Most issues regarding the safety of students and discipline are addressed at the school level. The consequences that are given for misbehavior can vary widely from school to school, although there are some actions and behaviors that require mandatory expulsion. Schools are required to provide a written notice of the school rules and disciplinary procedures to both the students and the parents. It is the responsibility of the school board to establish school discipline rules that align with the state and federal laws. School boards are also responsible for adopting policies and regulation regarding bullying, sexual harassment and other student safety issues. State law requires that the school district and county offices provide off site education services to students that are expelled. The Education Code requires that in certain situations, schools must report students to law enforcement agencies. This includes acts of violence towards school employees, possession and/or use of weapon, and possession of a controlled substance. (Great Schools Staff, 2012)
IDEA’s Regulations on Discipline
It is important that school administrators are aware of the educational and legal issues that are involved in managing the behavior of students who have disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) outlines the steps that must be taken when disciplining students with disabilities. The IDEA ensures that all students with special needs are provided a free appropriate public education. IDEA requires that a team of professionals describe what must be provided to the student in an Individualized Education Program (IEP). The student’s education and related services must be provided in the least restrictive environment possible. The school must ensure that their policies and procedures regarding the discipline of students with disabilities are aligned with the IDEA’s regulations. Under the IDEA schools have the authority to consider unique circumstances when it comes to making decisions on how to discipline students with disabilities. If a school makes the decision to remove a student with disabilities from their educational placement parents must be notifies in writing the same day that the decision is made. If the disciplinary action lasts ten school days or less the school is not required to provide special education services to the student during this time. For disciplinary actions lasting more than ten days the school is required by law to provide special education services to students which will allow the student to make adequate progress towards meeting the outlined goals and objectives of the students IEP. The IDEA also requires that schools ask and answer particular question to determine if the student’s misconduct is associated with their disability; it is no longer just assumed as it has been in the past. This ensures that schools are following the correct procedures when it comes to the discipline of students with disabilities, and make more options available to the school regarding discipline. Because sometimes a student’s misconduct can be a result of their disability is important that that each situation is thoroughly evaluated before determining what steps to take regarding discipline. If the misconduct continues in most cases there will be an IEP meeting to develop a...
References: (2012). Benson school: Student/parent handbook. Benson, AZ:
Great Schools Staff (2012). Getting to the bottom of discipline at your child 's school. Retrieved from http://www.greatschools.org/parenting/behavior-discipline/1-discipline-decisions.gs
National dissemination center for children with disabilities: Idea’s regulations on discipline. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://nichcy.org/schoolage/placement/disciplineregs
Rutherford, B. (2012, March 07). Commentary: Zero tolerance policies. Retrieved from http://www.cdapress.com/news/local_news/article_5806e340-6887-11e1-b6be-001871e3ce6c.html
Zero tolerance and alternative strategies: A fact sheet for educators and policymakers. (2001). Retrieved from http://www.nasponline.org/resources/factsheets/zt_fs.aspx
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