Notes for Chapter 4, Psychodynamic Perspectives (Lecture 8)
These approaches assume that behavior results from movements and interactions in people’s minds. The theory emphasizes the way in which the mind stimulates behavior and both are influenced by the social environment. Various techniques are used to interpret how people’s minds work by observing their behavior. One important reason for understanding these theories is that they were quite influential during the formative years of social work. Thus, these theories formed the foundation for many other theories, as well as continuing as a particular type of practice. The perspectives come from the work of Freud and his followers.
Psychodynamic theories Theory that assumes behavior comes from tensions and movement among intro-psychic structures.
Anxiety and ambivalence Result from inadequate resolution of earlier conflicts and in turn lead to powerful feelings of aggression, anger, and love.
Defenses and resistance Psychological barriers to working on life issues by blocking awareness of the issues.
Psychic determinism The principle that actions or behaviors arise from a person’s thought process rather than just happening.
Transference The effect of past experience on present behavior as reflected in the client’s behavior toward the social worker.
Psychoanalytic theory includes human development, personality, and treatment. This theory can be viewed as including theories of human development, personality and abnormal psychology, and of treatment. The theory’s foundation rests on the ideas of psychic determinism and the unconscious. These ideas include the assumption that spoken words can disclose hidden or unknown confusions in one’s thoughts and the everyday meanings of spoken words do not always represent the complexity of psychodynamic ideas.
The theory focuses on behaviors developed at various stages. Particular behaviors are important at each...
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