Learning Styles In America

Topics: Intelligence, Psychology, Education Pages: 5 (1347 words) Published: April 24, 2014
Introduction
Learning Styles are usually categorized as cognitive styles, personality types, or learning styles. Students preferentially take in and process information in different ways: by seeing and hearing, reflecting and acting, reasoning logically and intuitively, analyzing and visualizing, steadily and in fits and starts. Teaching methods also vary. Some instructors lecture, others demonstrate or lead students to self-discovery; some focus on principles and others on applications; some emphasize memory and others understanding. I have learnt that if a mismatch occurs between a student’s learning style and a teachers teaching style then boredom often occurs, sometime accompanied by frustration at not understanding, leading to poor grades, drop out and low self esteem. I feel as a teacher you should try to incorporate a variety of different teaching styles into your lessons to help engage all students and enable them to learn more effectively. Learning styles deal with receiving and processing information within a learning environment. There are many learning style models, the most relevant to this study is the Kolb’s model described by Zywono and Waalen (2002). Kolb’s (1984) Learning Style Inventory describes the method a person learns and deals with ideas and day to day situations. The model describes the Multiple Intelligence (MI) theory, which states that there are at least seven different methods of learning. I have chosen five leaning styles and will be talking about them in greater depth below. I will then decide which learning style best suits myself and devise an action plan, incorporating this style into my day to day studying and learning, thus enabling me to achieve the best results whilst learning.

Body/Kinesthetic – relates to physical movement and knowledge / wisdom of the body, including the brains motor cortex, which control bodily motion. Body/kinesthetic intelligence is awakened through physical movement as well as the expression of ones self through the body. Capacities include:

Control of ‘voluntary’ movements
Control of ‘pre-programmed’ movements
Expanding awareness through the body
The mind and body connection
Mimetic abilities
Improved body functioning

Interpersonal – operates primarily through person to person relationships and communication. Interpersonal intelligence is activated by person to person encounters in which such things as effective communication, working with others for a common goal, and noticing distinctions among persons are necessary and important. Capacities include:

Effective verbal and non verbal communication
Sensitivity to other’s moods, temperaments, motivations and feelings Working co-operatively in a group
Ability to discern other’s underlying intentions and behaviour ‘Passing over’ into the perspective of another
Creating and maintaining synergy
Intrapersonal – relates to inner states of being, self reflection, metacognition (i.e. thinking about thinking), and awareness of spiritual realities. Intrapersonal intelligence is awakened when we are in situations that cause introspection and require knowledge of the internal aspects of the self, such as awareness of our feelings, thinking processes, self reflection, and spirituality.

Logical/Mathematical – often called ‘scientific thinking’. This intelligence deals with inductive and deductive thinking/reasoning, numbers, and the recognition of abstract patterns. Logical/mathematical intelligence is activated in situations requiring problem solving or meeting a new challenge as well as situations requiring pattern discernment and recognition. Capacities involved:

Abstract pattern recognition
Inductive reasoning
Deductive reasoning
Discerning relationships and connections
Performing complex calculations
Scientific reasoning

Verbal/Linguistic – relates to words and language both written and spoken, and dominates most western educational systems. Verbal/linguistic intelligence is...
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